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Mediterranean diet and cardiodiabesity: a review.

Abstract

Cardiodiabesity has been used to define and describe the well-known relationship between type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), obesity, the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to perform a scientific literature review with a systematic search to examine all the cardiovascular risk factors combined and their relationship with adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) pattern as primary prevention against cardiodiabesity in a holistic approach. Research was conducted using the PubMed database including clinical trials, cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies. Thirty-seven studies were reviewed: fourteen related to obesity, ten to CVD, nine to MetS, and four to T2DM. Indeed 33 provided strong evidence on the association between adherence to a MedDiet and a reduced incidence of collective cardiodiabesity risk in epidemiological studies. This scientific evidence makes the MedDiet pattern very useful for preventive strategies directed at the general population and also highlights the need to consider all these diet-related risk factors and health outcomes together in daily primary care.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona 08021, Spain. elenagfdz@gmail.com.

    ,

    Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona 08021, Spain. feinalaura@gmail.com.

    ,

    Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona 08021, Spain. nanna2188@hotmail.com.

    ,

    Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona 08021, Spain. restruch@clinic.ub.es.

    Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona 08021, Spain. abach@fdmed.org.

    Source

    Nutrients 6:9 2014 Sep 04 pg 3474-500

    MeSH

    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
    Diet, Mediterranean
    Feeding Behavior
    Humans
    Metabolic Syndrome
    Obesity

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25192027

    Citation

    García-Fernández, Elena, et al. "Mediterranean Diet and Cardiodiabesity: a Review." Nutrients, vol. 6, no. 9, 2014, pp. 3474-500.
    García-Fernández E, Rico-Cabanas L, Rosgaard N, et al. Mediterranean diet and cardiodiabesity: a review. Nutrients. 2014;6(9):3474-500.
    García-Fernández, E., Rico-Cabanas, L., Rosgaard, N., Estruch, R., & Bach-Faig, A. (2014). Mediterranean diet and cardiodiabesity: a review. Nutrients, 6(9), pp. 3474-500. doi:10.3390/nu6093474.
    García-Fernández E, et al. Mediterranean Diet and Cardiodiabesity: a Review. Nutrients. 2014 Sep 4;6(9):3474-500. PubMed PMID: 25192027.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Mediterranean diet and cardiodiabesity: a review. AU - García-Fernández,Elena, AU - Rico-Cabanas,Laura, AU - Rosgaard,Nanna, AU - Estruch,Ramón, AU - Bach-Faig,Anna, Y1 - 2014/09/04/ PY - 2014/05/01/received PY - 2014/07/08/revised PY - 2014/08/07/accepted PY - 2014/9/6/entrez PY - 2014/9/6/pubmed PY - 2015/5/12/medline SP - 3474 EP - 500 JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 6 IS - 9 N2 - Cardiodiabesity has been used to define and describe the well-known relationship between type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), obesity, the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to perform a scientific literature review with a systematic search to examine all the cardiovascular risk factors combined and their relationship with adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) pattern as primary prevention against cardiodiabesity in a holistic approach. Research was conducted using the PubMed database including clinical trials, cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies. Thirty-seven studies were reviewed: fourteen related to obesity, ten to CVD, nine to MetS, and four to T2DM. Indeed 33 provided strong evidence on the association between adherence to a MedDiet and a reduced incidence of collective cardiodiabesity risk in epidemiological studies. This scientific evidence makes the MedDiet pattern very useful for preventive strategies directed at the general population and also highlights the need to consider all these diet-related risk factors and health outcomes together in daily primary care. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25192027/Mediterranean_diet_and_cardiodiabesity:_a_review_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu6093474 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -