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Diet and breast cancer: a systematic review.

Abstract

Breast cancer occurs as a result between genes-diet interactions. Concerning diet, only alcohol is widely recognized for being most consistently associated with breast cancer risk. The purpose of this review is to report through a systematic way the current scientific evidence relating breast cancer and diet, through original-research studies published in English language during the last decade, assessing the consumption of specific foodstuffs/food-nutrients in relation to the disease. The available literature suggests that soy food intake seems to be inversely associated with the disease, while no association seems to be reported for dietary carbohydrates and dietary fiber intake. The consumption of dietary fat, is probably suggestive of an increase in breast cancer risk, while studies evaluating the role of fruit/vegetable, meat as well as dietary patterns and breast cancer risk, provide inconsistent results. Diet seems to be modestly associated with the disease, highlighting the need for more studies to be conducted.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    School of Health Science and Education, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens , Athens , Greece.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Alcohol Drinking
    Breast Neoplasms
    Diet
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Fiber
    Female
    Fruit
    Humans
    Isoflavones
    Meat
    Meta-Analysis as Topic
    Observational Studies as Topic
    Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
    Risk Factors
    Soy Foods
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review
    Systematic Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25198160

    Citation

    Mourouti, Niki, et al. "Diet and Breast Cancer: a Systematic Review." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 66, no. 1, 2015, pp. 1-42.
    Mourouti N, Kontogianni MD, Papavagelis C, et al. Diet and breast cancer: a systematic review. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2015;66(1):1-42.
    Mourouti, N., Kontogianni, M. D., Papavagelis, C., & Panagiotakos, D. B. (2015). Diet and breast cancer: a systematic review. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 66(1), pp. 1-42. doi:10.3109/09637486.2014.950207.
    Mourouti N, et al. Diet and Breast Cancer: a Systematic Review. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2015;66(1):1-42. PubMed PMID: 25198160.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Diet and breast cancer: a systematic review. AU - Mourouti,Niki, AU - Kontogianni,Meropi D, AU - Papavagelis,Christos, AU - Panagiotakos,Demosthenes B, Y1 - 2014/09/08/ PY - 2014/9/9/entrez PY - 2014/9/10/pubmed PY - 2015/10/7/medline KW - Fiber KW - fruits and vegetables KW - meat KW - soy-food SP - 1 EP - 42 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 66 IS - 1 N2 - Breast cancer occurs as a result between genes-diet interactions. Concerning diet, only alcohol is widely recognized for being most consistently associated with breast cancer risk. The purpose of this review is to report through a systematic way the current scientific evidence relating breast cancer and diet, through original-research studies published in English language during the last decade, assessing the consumption of specific foodstuffs/food-nutrients in relation to the disease. The available literature suggests that soy food intake seems to be inversely associated with the disease, while no association seems to be reported for dietary carbohydrates and dietary fiber intake. The consumption of dietary fat, is probably suggestive of an increase in breast cancer risk, while studies evaluating the role of fruit/vegetable, meat as well as dietary patterns and breast cancer risk, provide inconsistent results. Diet seems to be modestly associated with the disease, highlighting the need for more studies to be conducted. SN - 1465-3478 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25198160/full_citation L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/09637486.2014.950207 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -