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Toward understanding of rice innate immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae.
Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2016; 36(1):165-74.CR

Abstract

The blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, causes serious disease on a wide variety of grasses including rice, wheat and barley. The recognition of pathogens is an amazing ability of plants including strategies for displacing virulence effectors through the adaption of both conserved and variable pathogen elicitors. The pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI) were reported as two main innate immune responses in plants, where PTI gives basal resistance and ETI confers durable resistance. The PTI consists of extracellular surface receptors that are able to recognize PAMPs. PAMPs detect microbial features such as fungal chitin that complete a vital function during the organism's life. In contrast, ETI is mediated by intracellular receptor molecules containing nucleotide-binding (NB) and leucine rich repeat (LRR) domains that specifically recognize effector proteins produced by the pathogen. To enhance crop resistance, understanding the host resistance mechanisms against pathogen infection strategies and having a deeper knowledge of innate immunity system are essential. This review summarizes the recent advances on the molecular mechanism of innate immunity systems of rice against M. oryzae. The discussion will be centered on the latest success reported in plant-pathogen interactions and integrated defense responses in rice.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Laboratory of Food Crops , Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia .a Laboratory of Food Crops , Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia .b Laboratory of Plantation Crops , Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia , and.b Laboratory of Plantation Crops , Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia , and.c Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Science , Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia.b Laboratory of Plantation Crops , Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia , and.a Laboratory of Food Crops , Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia .b Laboratory of Plantation Crops , Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia , and.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25198435

Citation

Azizi, P, et al. "Toward Understanding of Rice Innate Immunity Against Magnaporthe Oryzae." Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, vol. 36, no. 1, 2016, pp. 165-74.
Azizi P, Rafii MY, Abdullah SN, et al. Toward understanding of rice innate immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2016;36(1):165-74.
Azizi, P., Rafii, M. Y., Abdullah, S. N., Nejat, N., Maziah, M., Hanafi, M. M., Latif, M. A., & Sahebi, M. (2016). Toward understanding of rice innate immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 36(1), 165-74. https://doi.org/10.3109/07388551.2014.946883
Azizi P, et al. Toward Understanding of Rice Innate Immunity Against Magnaporthe Oryzae. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2016;36(1):165-74. PubMed PMID: 25198435.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Toward understanding of rice innate immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae. AU - Azizi,P, AU - Rafii,M Y, AU - Abdullah,S N A, AU - Nejat,N, AU - Maziah,M, AU - Hanafi,M M, AU - Latif,M A, AU - Sahebi,M, Y1 - 2014/09/08/ PY - 2014/9/9/entrez PY - 2014/9/10/pubmed PY - 2016/9/17/medline KW - Basal resistance KW - effector-triggered immunity KW - pathogen KW - pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity KW - resistance mechanisms SP - 165 EP - 74 JF - Critical reviews in biotechnology JO - Crit Rev Biotechnol VL - 36 IS - 1 N2 - The blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, causes serious disease on a wide variety of grasses including rice, wheat and barley. The recognition of pathogens is an amazing ability of plants including strategies for displacing virulence effectors through the adaption of both conserved and variable pathogen elicitors. The pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) and effector-triggered immunity (ETI) were reported as two main innate immune responses in plants, where PTI gives basal resistance and ETI confers durable resistance. The PTI consists of extracellular surface receptors that are able to recognize PAMPs. PAMPs detect microbial features such as fungal chitin that complete a vital function during the organism's life. In contrast, ETI is mediated by intracellular receptor molecules containing nucleotide-binding (NB) and leucine rich repeat (LRR) domains that specifically recognize effector proteins produced by the pathogen. To enhance crop resistance, understanding the host resistance mechanisms against pathogen infection strategies and having a deeper knowledge of innate immunity system are essential. This review summarizes the recent advances on the molecular mechanism of innate immunity systems of rice against M. oryzae. The discussion will be centered on the latest success reported in plant-pathogen interactions and integrated defense responses in rice. SN - 1549-7801 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25198435/Toward_understanding_of_rice_innate_immunity_against_Magnaporthe_oryzae_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/07388551.2014.946883 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -