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DBA/2J mice are susceptible to diabetic nephropathy and diabetic exacerbation of IOP elevation.
PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e107291.Plos

Abstract

Some pathological manifestations of diabetes in the eye include retinopathy, cataracts and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in non-proliferative stages of diabetic retinopathy and small increases in IOP in diabetic patients has raised the possibility that diabetes affects the development and progression of ocular hypertension and glaucoma. The Ins2Akita mutation is known to cause diabetes and retinopathy on a C57BL/6J (B6) background by as early as 3 months of age. Here, the impact of the Akita mutation on glaucoma was assessed using DBA/2J (D2) mice, a widely used mouse model of ocular hypertension induced glaucoma. In D2.Ins2Akita/+ mice, the contribution of diabetes to vascular permeability, IOP elevation, RGC loss, and glaucoma development was assessed. D2.Ins2Akita/+ mice developed a severe diabetic nephropathy and early mortality between 6-8 months of age. This agrees with previous reports showing that the D2 background is more susceptible to diabetes than the B6 background. In addition, D2.Ins2Akita/+ mice had vascular leakage, astrocyte reactivity and a significant increase in IOP. However no RGC loss and no anterograde axonal transport dysfunction were found at 8.5 months of age. Therefore, our data show that despite severe diabetes and an increased IOP compared to controls, RGCs do not lose axon transport or degenerate. This may be due to a DBA/2J-specific genetic modifier(s) that could provide novel and important avenues for developing new therapies for diabetic retinopathy and possibly glaucoma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, United States of America.The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, United States of America; The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Bar Harbor, Maine, United States of America.The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, United States of America.The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, United States of America.Departments of Ophthalmology and Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States of America.The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, United States of America; The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Bar Harbor, Maine, United States of America; Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts University of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25207540

Citation

Soto, Ileana, et al. "DBA/2J Mice Are Susceptible to Diabetic Nephropathy and Diabetic Exacerbation of IOP Elevation." PloS One, vol. 9, no. 9, 2014, pp. e107291.
Soto I, Howell GR, John CW, et al. DBA/2J mice are susceptible to diabetic nephropathy and diabetic exacerbation of IOP elevation. PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e107291.
Soto, I., Howell, G. R., John, C. W., Kief, J. L., Libby, R. T., & John, S. W. (2014). DBA/2J mice are susceptible to diabetic nephropathy and diabetic exacerbation of IOP elevation. PloS One, 9(9), e107291. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107291
Soto I, et al. DBA/2J Mice Are Susceptible to Diabetic Nephropathy and Diabetic Exacerbation of IOP Elevation. PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e107291. PubMed PMID: 25207540.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - DBA/2J mice are susceptible to diabetic nephropathy and diabetic exacerbation of IOP elevation. AU - Soto,Ileana, AU - Howell,Gareth R, AU - John,Cai W, AU - Kief,Joseph L, AU - Libby,Richard T, AU - John,Simon W M, Y1 - 2014/09/10/ PY - 2014/06/13/received PY - 2014/08/12/accepted PY - 2014/9/11/entrez PY - 2014/9/11/pubmed PY - 2016/4/1/medline SP - e107291 EP - e107291 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 9 IS - 9 N2 - Some pathological manifestations of diabetes in the eye include retinopathy, cataracts and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in non-proliferative stages of diabetic retinopathy and small increases in IOP in diabetic patients has raised the possibility that diabetes affects the development and progression of ocular hypertension and glaucoma. The Ins2Akita mutation is known to cause diabetes and retinopathy on a C57BL/6J (B6) background by as early as 3 months of age. Here, the impact of the Akita mutation on glaucoma was assessed using DBA/2J (D2) mice, a widely used mouse model of ocular hypertension induced glaucoma. In D2.Ins2Akita/+ mice, the contribution of diabetes to vascular permeability, IOP elevation, RGC loss, and glaucoma development was assessed. D2.Ins2Akita/+ mice developed a severe diabetic nephropathy and early mortality between 6-8 months of age. This agrees with previous reports showing that the D2 background is more susceptible to diabetes than the B6 background. In addition, D2.Ins2Akita/+ mice had vascular leakage, astrocyte reactivity and a significant increase in IOP. However no RGC loss and no anterograde axonal transport dysfunction were found at 8.5 months of age. Therefore, our data show that despite severe diabetes and an increased IOP compared to controls, RGCs do not lose axon transport or degenerate. This may be due to a DBA/2J-specific genetic modifier(s) that could provide novel and important avenues for developing new therapies for diabetic retinopathy and possibly glaucoma. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25207540/DBA/2J_mice_are_susceptible_to_diabetic_nephropathy_and_diabetic_exacerbation_of_IOP_elevation_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107291 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -