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Lower extremity nerve entrapments in athletes.
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2014 Sep-Oct; 13(5):299-306.CS

Abstract

Nerve entrapments are a potential cause of lower extremity pain in athletes. Signs and symptoms suggestive of nerve entrapment include anesthesia, dysesthesias, paresthesias, or weakness in the distribution of a peripheral nerve. The physical examination may reveal an abnormal neurologic examination finding in the distribution of a peripheral nerve, positive nerve provocative testing, and positive Tinel sign over the area of entrapment. Electrodiagnostic studies, radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging studies, and sonographic evaluation may assist with the diagnosis of these disorders. Initial treatment usually involves conservative measures, but surgical intervention may be required if conservative treatment fails. This article discusses the diagnosis and treatment of common lower extremity nerve entrapments in athletes. A high index of suspicion for nerve entrapments enables the clinician to identify these conditions in a timely manner and institute an appropriate management program, thus improving patient outcomes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Lake Tahoe Sports Medicine Fellowship, Zephyr Cove, NV; 2Tahoe Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, South Lake Tahoe, CA; and 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25211617

Citation

Meadows, James R., and Jonathan T. Finnoff. "Lower Extremity Nerve Entrapments in Athletes." Current Sports Medicine Reports, vol. 13, no. 5, 2014, pp. 299-306.
Meadows JR, Finnoff JT. Lower extremity nerve entrapments in athletes. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2014;13(5):299-306.
Meadows, J. R., & Finnoff, J. T. (2014). Lower extremity nerve entrapments in athletes. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 13(5), 299-306. https://doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000083
Meadows JR, Finnoff JT. Lower Extremity Nerve Entrapments in Athletes. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2014 Sep-Oct;13(5):299-306. PubMed PMID: 25211617.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lower extremity nerve entrapments in athletes. AU - Meadows,James R, AU - Finnoff,Jonathan T, PY - 2014/9/12/entrez PY - 2014/9/12/pubmed PY - 2015/5/29/medline SP - 299 EP - 306 JF - Current sports medicine reports JO - Curr Sports Med Rep VL - 13 IS - 5 N2 - Nerve entrapments are a potential cause of lower extremity pain in athletes. Signs and symptoms suggestive of nerve entrapment include anesthesia, dysesthesias, paresthesias, or weakness in the distribution of a peripheral nerve. The physical examination may reveal an abnormal neurologic examination finding in the distribution of a peripheral nerve, positive nerve provocative testing, and positive Tinel sign over the area of entrapment. Electrodiagnostic studies, radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging studies, and sonographic evaluation may assist with the diagnosis of these disorders. Initial treatment usually involves conservative measures, but surgical intervention may be required if conservative treatment fails. This article discusses the diagnosis and treatment of common lower extremity nerve entrapments in athletes. A high index of suspicion for nerve entrapments enables the clinician to identify these conditions in a timely manner and institute an appropriate management program, thus improving patient outcomes. SN - 1537-8918 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25211617/Lower_extremity_nerve_entrapments_in_athletes_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=25211617 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -