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Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour: role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study).
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014 Sep 12; 11:113.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations.

METHODS

Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour.

RESULTS

Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95% CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's breakfast consumption.

CONCLUSIONS

Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children's healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25212228

Citation

van Ansem, Wilke Jc, et al. "Maternal Educational Level and Children's Healthy Eating Behaviour: Role of the Home Food Environment (cross-sectional Results From the INPACT Study)." The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 11, 2014, p. 113.
van Ansem WJ, Schrijvers CT, Rodenburg G, et al. Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour: role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11:113.
van Ansem, W. J., Schrijvers, C. T., Rodenburg, G., & van de Mheen, D. (2014). Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour: role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study). The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11, 113. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-014-0113-0
van Ansem WJ, et al. Maternal Educational Level and Children's Healthy Eating Behaviour: Role of the Home Food Environment (cross-sectional Results From the INPACT Study). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014 Sep 12;11:113. PubMed PMID: 25212228.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour: role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study). AU - van Ansem,Wilke Jc, AU - Schrijvers,Carola Tm, AU - Rodenburg,Gerda, AU - van de Mheen,Dike, Y1 - 2014/09/12/ PY - 2013/10/15/received PY - 2014/09/02/accepted PY - 2014/9/13/entrez PY - 2014/9/13/pubmed PY - 2015/9/25/medline SP - 113 EP - 113 JF - The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity JO - Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act VL - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour. RESULTS: Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95% CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's breakfast consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children's healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions. SN - 1479-5868 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25212228/Maternal_educational_level_and_children's_healthy_eating_behaviour:_role_of_the_home_food_environment__cross_sectional_results_from_the_INPACT_study__ L2 - https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-014-0113-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -