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Association between sexual behaviors, bullying victimization and suicidal ideation in a national sample of high school students: implications of a sexual double standard.
Womens Health Issues. 2014 Sep-Oct; 24(5):567-74.WH

Abstract

PURPOSE

The sexual double standard is the notion that women are more harshly judged for their sexual behaviors than men. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the sexual double standard could explain gender differences in bullying victimization among adolescents and the extent to which that relationship correlated with depression and suicidal ideation.

METHODS

Analyses were conducted using a sample of high school students (n = 13,065) from the 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a cross-sectional and national school-based survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data were assessed using multiple logistic regression, gender-stratified analyses, and interaction terms.

FINDINGS

Students who engaged in sexual intercourse (sexually active) had higher odds of being bullied. When this association was stratified by gender, odds of being bullying increased for girls (odds ratio [OR], 1.83; 95% CI, 1.58-2.13) and decreased for boys (OR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.77-1.16). Sexually active students who were bullied also displayed more than five times (OR, 5.65; 95% CI, 4.71-6.78) the adjusted odds of depression and three times (adjusted OR, 3.38; 95% CI, 2.65-4.32) the adjusted odds of suicidal ideation compared with students who reported neither of those behavioral characteristics. When stratified by gender, girls had slightly higher odds of depression and suicidal ideation but overall, the odds remained strong for both genders.

CONCLUSIONS

Results provide some evidence that a sexual double standard exists and may play a prominent role in bullying victimization among girls. Therefore, addressing the sexual double may be important to consider when tailoring school bullying intervention programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. Electronic address: hailee_dunn@brown.edu.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25213749

Citation

Dunn, Hailee K., et al. "Association Between Sexual Behaviors, Bullying Victimization and Suicidal Ideation in a National Sample of High School Students: Implications of a Sexual Double Standard." Women's Health Issues : Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health, vol. 24, no. 5, 2014, pp. 567-74.
Dunn HK, Gjelsvik A, Pearlman DN, et al. Association between sexual behaviors, bullying victimization and suicidal ideation in a national sample of high school students: implications of a sexual double standard. Womens Health Issues. 2014;24(5):567-74.
Dunn, H. K., Gjelsvik, A., Pearlman, D. N., & Clark, M. A. (2014). Association between sexual behaviors, bullying victimization and suicidal ideation in a national sample of high school students: implications of a sexual double standard. Women's Health Issues : Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health, 24(5), 567-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2014.06.008
Dunn HK, et al. Association Between Sexual Behaviors, Bullying Victimization and Suicidal Ideation in a National Sample of High School Students: Implications of a Sexual Double Standard. Womens Health Issues. 2014 Sep-Oct;24(5):567-74. PubMed PMID: 25213749.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association between sexual behaviors, bullying victimization and suicidal ideation in a national sample of high school students: implications of a sexual double standard. AU - Dunn,Hailee K, AU - Gjelsvik,Annie, AU - Pearlman,Deborah N, AU - Clark,Melissa A, PY - 2013/11/05/received PY - 2014/04/24/revised PY - 2014/06/19/accepted PY - 2014/9/13/entrez PY - 2014/9/13/pubmed PY - 2015/4/14/medline SP - 567 EP - 74 JF - Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health JO - Womens Health Issues VL - 24 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: The sexual double standard is the notion that women are more harshly judged for their sexual behaviors than men. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the sexual double standard could explain gender differences in bullying victimization among adolescents and the extent to which that relationship correlated with depression and suicidal ideation. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using a sample of high school students (n = 13,065) from the 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a cross-sectional and national school-based survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data were assessed using multiple logistic regression, gender-stratified analyses, and interaction terms. FINDINGS: Students who engaged in sexual intercourse (sexually active) had higher odds of being bullied. When this association was stratified by gender, odds of being bullying increased for girls (odds ratio [OR], 1.83; 95% CI, 1.58-2.13) and decreased for boys (OR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.77-1.16). Sexually active students who were bullied also displayed more than five times (OR, 5.65; 95% CI, 4.71-6.78) the adjusted odds of depression and three times (adjusted OR, 3.38; 95% CI, 2.65-4.32) the adjusted odds of suicidal ideation compared with students who reported neither of those behavioral characteristics. When stratified by gender, girls had slightly higher odds of depression and suicidal ideation but overall, the odds remained strong for both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Results provide some evidence that a sexual double standard exists and may play a prominent role in bullying victimization among girls. Therefore, addressing the sexual double may be important to consider when tailoring school bullying intervention programs. SN - 1878-4321 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25213749/Association_between_sexual_behaviors_bullying_victimization_and_suicidal_ideation_in_a_national_sample_of_high_school_students:_implications_of_a_sexual_double_standard_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1049-3867(14)00085-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -