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The impact of orthodontic treatment on quality of life and self-esteem in adult patients.
Eur J Orthod. 2015 Jun; 37(3):233-7.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess the impact of fixed orthodontic treatment on oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) and self-esteem in adults.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

A prospective study design was applied, within private practice. Sample size estimation revealed a minimum of 52 subjects, allowing for drop outs. All participants completed a set of validated questionnaires at baseline (T0), 1- (T1), 3- (T2), and 6-months (T3) and post-treatment (T4). These included the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and a socioeconomic status questionnaire. The Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used to assess malocclusion severity.

RESULTS

Sixty-one subjects were recruited, with only one subject lost to follow-up. A statistically significant difference in OHRQoL scores was seen between: T0 and T1 (P = 0.001); T0 and T2 (P = 0.020). There was no statistical difference between T0 and T3 (P = 0.078) or T4 (P = 0.565), where OHRQoL improved to pre-treatment scores. A significant difference in self-esteem scores was observed between baseline and end of treatment (P = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS

Undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy had a negative impact on the overall OHRQoL, during the first 3 months of treatment, which then improved to pre-treatment scores, whilst a significant increase was observed in self-esteem as a result of treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Oral Growth and Development, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK.Oral Growth and Development, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK.Oral Growth and Development, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK.Oral Growth and Development, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25214505

Citation

Johal, Ama, et al. "The Impact of Orthodontic Treatment On Quality of Life and Self-esteem in Adult Patients." European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 37, no. 3, 2015, pp. 233-7.
Johal A, Alyaqoobi I, Patel R, et al. The impact of orthodontic treatment on quality of life and self-esteem in adult patients. Eur J Orthod. 2015;37(3):233-7.
Johal, A., Alyaqoobi, I., Patel, R., & Cox, S. (2015). The impact of orthodontic treatment on quality of life and self-esteem in adult patients. European Journal of Orthodontics, 37(3), 233-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cju047
Johal A, et al. The Impact of Orthodontic Treatment On Quality of Life and Self-esteem in Adult Patients. Eur J Orthod. 2015;37(3):233-7. PubMed PMID: 25214505.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of orthodontic treatment on quality of life and self-esteem in adult patients. AU - Johal,Ama, AU - Alyaqoobi,Iman, AU - Patel,Rachna, AU - Cox,Shirley, Y1 - 2014/09/11/ PY - 2014/9/13/entrez PY - 2014/9/13/pubmed PY - 2016/2/3/medline SP - 233 EP - 7 JF - European journal of orthodontics JO - Eur J Orthod VL - 37 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of fixed orthodontic treatment on oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) and self-esteem in adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective study design was applied, within private practice. Sample size estimation revealed a minimum of 52 subjects, allowing for drop outs. All participants completed a set of validated questionnaires at baseline (T0), 1- (T1), 3- (T2), and 6-months (T3) and post-treatment (T4). These included the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and a socioeconomic status questionnaire. The Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used to assess malocclusion severity. RESULTS: Sixty-one subjects were recruited, with only one subject lost to follow-up. A statistically significant difference in OHRQoL scores was seen between: T0 and T1 (P = 0.001); T0 and T2 (P = 0.020). There was no statistical difference between T0 and T3 (P = 0.078) or T4 (P = 0.565), where OHRQoL improved to pre-treatment scores. A significant difference in self-esteem scores was observed between baseline and end of treatment (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy had a negative impact on the overall OHRQoL, during the first 3 months of treatment, which then improved to pre-treatment scores, whilst a significant increase was observed in self-esteem as a result of treatment. SN - 1460-2210 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25214505/The_impact_of_orthodontic_treatment_on_quality_of_life_and_self_esteem_in_adult_patients_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ejo/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ejo/cju047 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -