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Partitioning carbon dioxide emission and assessing dissolved organic carbon leaching of a drained peatland cultivated with pineapple at Saratok, Malaysia.
ScientificWorldJournal 2014; 2014:906021S

Abstract

Pineapples (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) cultivation on drained peats could affect the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere and also the leaching of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). Carbon dioxide emission needs to be partitioned before deciding on whether cultivated peat is net sink or net source of carbon. Partitioning of CO2 emission into root respiration, microbial respiration, and oxidative peat decomposition was achieved using a lysimeter experiment with three treatments: peat soil cultivated with pineapple, bare peat soil, and bare peat soil fumigated with chloroform. Drainage water leached from cultivated peat and bare peat soil was also analyzed for DOC. On a yearly basis, CO2 emissions were higher under bare peat (218.8 t CO2 ha/yr) than under bare peat treated with chloroform (205 t CO2 ha/yr), and they were the lowest (179.6 t CO2 ha/yr) under cultivated peat. Decreasing CO2 emissions under pineapple were attributed to the positive effects of photosynthesis and soil autotrophic activities. An average 235.7 mg/L loss of DOC under bare peat suggests rapid decline of peat organic carbon through heterotrophic respiration and peat decomposition. Soil CO2 emission depended on moderate temperature fluctuations, but it was not affected by soil moisture.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Bintulu Campus, P.O. Box 396,97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia ; Soil and Water Management Programme, Strategic Resource Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), P.O. Box 59, Roban, 95300 Saratok, Sarawak, Malaysia.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Bintulu Campus, P.O. Box 396,97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25215335

Citation

Lim Kim Choo, Liza Nuriati, and Osumanu Haruna Ahmed. "Partitioning Carbon Dioxide Emission and Assessing Dissolved Organic Carbon Leaching of a Drained Peatland Cultivated With Pineapple at Saratok, Malaysia." TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 2014, 2014, p. 906021.
Lim Kim Choo LN, Ahmed OH. Partitioning carbon dioxide emission and assessing dissolved organic carbon leaching of a drained peatland cultivated with pineapple at Saratok, Malaysia. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:906021.
Lim Kim Choo, L. N., & Ahmed, O. H. (2014). Partitioning carbon dioxide emission and assessing dissolved organic carbon leaching of a drained peatland cultivated with pineapple at Saratok, Malaysia. TheScientificWorldJournal, 2014, p. 906021. doi:10.1155/2014/906021.
Lim Kim Choo LN, Ahmed OH. Partitioning Carbon Dioxide Emission and Assessing Dissolved Organic Carbon Leaching of a Drained Peatland Cultivated With Pineapple at Saratok, Malaysia. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:906021. PubMed PMID: 25215335.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Partitioning carbon dioxide emission and assessing dissolved organic carbon leaching of a drained peatland cultivated with pineapple at Saratok, Malaysia. AU - Lim Kim Choo,Liza Nuriati, AU - Ahmed,Osumanu Haruna, Y1 - 2014/08/19/ PY - 2014/05/31/received PY - 2014/07/08/revised PY - 2014/07/28/accepted PY - 2014/9/13/entrez PY - 2014/9/13/pubmed PY - 2015/5/23/medline SP - 906021 EP - 906021 JF - TheScientificWorldJournal JO - ScientificWorldJournal VL - 2014 N2 - Pineapples (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) cultivation on drained peats could affect the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere and also the leaching of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). Carbon dioxide emission needs to be partitioned before deciding on whether cultivated peat is net sink or net source of carbon. Partitioning of CO2 emission into root respiration, microbial respiration, and oxidative peat decomposition was achieved using a lysimeter experiment with three treatments: peat soil cultivated with pineapple, bare peat soil, and bare peat soil fumigated with chloroform. Drainage water leached from cultivated peat and bare peat soil was also analyzed for DOC. On a yearly basis, CO2 emissions were higher under bare peat (218.8 t CO2 ha/yr) than under bare peat treated with chloroform (205 t CO2 ha/yr), and they were the lowest (179.6 t CO2 ha/yr) under cultivated peat. Decreasing CO2 emissions under pineapple were attributed to the positive effects of photosynthesis and soil autotrophic activities. An average 235.7 mg/L loss of DOC under bare peat suggests rapid decline of peat organic carbon through heterotrophic respiration and peat decomposition. Soil CO2 emission depended on moderate temperature fluctuations, but it was not affected by soil moisture. SN - 1537-744X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25215335/Partitioning_carbon_dioxide_emission_and_assessing_dissolved_organic_carbon_leaching_of_a_drained_peatland_cultivated_with_pineapple_at_Saratok_Malaysia_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/906021 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -