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Nutritional supplements for the treatment of ADHD.

Abstract

Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation appears to have modest benefit for improving ADHD symptoms. Melatonin appears to be effective in treating chronic insomnia in children with ADHD but appears to have minimal effects in reducing core ADHD symptoms. Many other natural supplements are widely used in the United States despite minimal evidence of efficacy and possible side effects. This review synthesizes and evaluates the scientific evidence regarding the potential efficacy and side effects of natural supplements and herbal remedies for ADHD. We provide clinicians with recommendations regarding their potential use and role in overall ADHD treatment.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Yale Child Study Center, PO BOX 207900, 230 South Frontage Road, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. Electronic address: michael.bloch@yale.edu.

    Yale Child Study Center, PO BOX 207900, 230 South Frontage Road, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Dietary Supplements
    Fatty Acids, Omega-3
    Humans
    Melatonin
    Phytotherapy

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25220092

    Citation

    Bloch, Michael H., and Jilian Mulqueen. "Nutritional Supplements for the Treatment of ADHD." Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, vol. 23, no. 4, 2014, pp. 883-97.
    Bloch MH, Mulqueen J. Nutritional supplements for the treatment of ADHD. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2014;23(4):883-97.
    Bloch, M. H., & Mulqueen, J. (2014). Nutritional supplements for the treatment of ADHD. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 23(4), pp. 883-97. doi:10.1016/j.chc.2014.05.002.
    Bloch MH, Mulqueen J. Nutritional Supplements for the Treatment of ADHD. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2014;23(4):883-97. PubMed PMID: 25220092.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional supplements for the treatment of ADHD. AU - Bloch,Michael H, AU - Mulqueen,Jilian, Y1 - 2014/08/12/ PY - 2014/9/16/entrez PY - 2014/9/16/pubmed PY - 2015/5/23/medline KW - Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder KW - Gingko biloba KW - Magnesium KW - Omega-3 fatty acids KW - Polyunsaturated fatty acids KW - Zinc SP - 883 EP - 97 JF - Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America JO - Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am VL - 23 IS - 4 N2 - Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation appears to have modest benefit for improving ADHD symptoms. Melatonin appears to be effective in treating chronic insomnia in children with ADHD but appears to have minimal effects in reducing core ADHD symptoms. Many other natural supplements are widely used in the United States despite minimal evidence of efficacy and possible side effects. This review synthesizes and evaluates the scientific evidence regarding the potential efficacy and side effects of natural supplements and herbal remedies for ADHD. We provide clinicians with recommendations regarding their potential use and role in overall ADHD treatment. SN - 1558-0490 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25220092/Nutritional_supplements_for_the_treatment_of_ADHD_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1056-4993(14)00034-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -