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The Health Potential of Fruits and Vegetables Phytochemicals: Notable Examples.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2016; 56(7):1097-107CR

Abstract

Fruit and vegetables are essential components of a healthy diet. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an intake of five to eight portions (400-600 g) daily of fruits and vegetables to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, poor cognitive performance, and other diet-related diseases, as well as for the prevention of micronutrient deficiencies. Much of their potential for disease prevention is thought to be provided by phytochemicals, among which the preventive activity of antioxidants is most well documented. Since numerous meta-studies published indicate variable and often contradictory results about the impact of isolated phytochemicals on health, their consumption as supplements must be carried out with care, because doses may exceed the recommended nutritional intake. Nonetheless, there is a general consensus that whole fruit and vegetable intake is more important in providing health benefits than that of only one of their constituent, because of additive and synergistic effects. This review describes the most recent literature regarding the health benefits of some selected fruits and vegetables. Importantly, since some phytochemicals regulate the same genes and pathways targeted by drugs, diets rich in fruits and vegetables in combination with medical therapies are being considered as novel approaches to treatment. Therefore, phytochemicals in fruits and vegetable might be a promising tool for the prevention and/or amelioration of a wide range of diseases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a IMDEA Food Institute , Madrid , Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25225771

Citation

Rodriguez-Casado, Arantxa. "The Health Potential of Fruits and Vegetables Phytochemicals: Notable Examples." Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 7, 2016, pp. 1097-107.
Rodriguez-Casado A. The Health Potential of Fruits and Vegetables Phytochemicals: Notable Examples. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016;56(7):1097-107.
Rodriguez-Casado, A. (2016). The Health Potential of Fruits and Vegetables Phytochemicals: Notable Examples. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56(7), pp. 1097-107. doi:10.1080/10408398.2012.755149.
Rodriguez-Casado A. The Health Potential of Fruits and Vegetables Phytochemicals: Notable Examples. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016 May 18;56(7):1097-107. PubMed PMID: 25225771.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Health Potential of Fruits and Vegetables Phytochemicals: Notable Examples. A1 - Rodriguez-Casado,Arantxa, PY - 2014/9/17/entrez PY - 2014/9/17/pubmed PY - 2017/1/31/medline KW - Broccoli KW - cocoa KW - dandelion KW - garlic KW - grapes KW - olives SP - 1097 EP - 107 JF - Critical reviews in food science and nutrition JO - Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr VL - 56 IS - 7 N2 - Fruit and vegetables are essential components of a healthy diet. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an intake of five to eight portions (400-600 g) daily of fruits and vegetables to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, poor cognitive performance, and other diet-related diseases, as well as for the prevention of micronutrient deficiencies. Much of their potential for disease prevention is thought to be provided by phytochemicals, among which the preventive activity of antioxidants is most well documented. Since numerous meta-studies published indicate variable and often contradictory results about the impact of isolated phytochemicals on health, their consumption as supplements must be carried out with care, because doses may exceed the recommended nutritional intake. Nonetheless, there is a general consensus that whole fruit and vegetable intake is more important in providing health benefits than that of only one of their constituent, because of additive and synergistic effects. This review describes the most recent literature regarding the health benefits of some selected fruits and vegetables. Importantly, since some phytochemicals regulate the same genes and pathways targeted by drugs, diets rich in fruits and vegetables in combination with medical therapies are being considered as novel approaches to treatment. Therefore, phytochemicals in fruits and vegetable might be a promising tool for the prevention and/or amelioration of a wide range of diseases. SN - 1549-7852 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25225771/The_Health_Potential_of_Fruits_and_Vegetables_Phytochemicals:_Notable_Examples_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10408398.2012.755149 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -