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Intimate partner violence among African American and African Caribbean women: prevalence, risk factors, and the influence of cultural attitudes.
Glob Health Action. 2014; 7:24772.GH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Women of African descent are disproportionately affected by intimate partner abuse; yet, limited data exist on whether the prevalence varies for women of African descent in the United States and those in the US territories.

OBJECTIVE

In this multisite study, we estimated lifetime and 2-year prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological intimate partner abuse (IPA) among 1,545 women of African descent in the United States and US Virgin Islands (USVI). We also examined how cultural tolerance of physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) influences abuse.

DESIGN

Between 2009 and 2011, we recruited African American and African Caribbean women aged 18-55 from health clinics in Baltimore, MD, and St. Thomas and St. Croix, USVI, into a comparative case-control study. Screened and enrolled women completed an audio computer-assisted self-interview. Screening-based prevalence of IPA and IPV were stratified by study site and associations between tolerance of IPV and abuse experiences were examined by multivariate logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS

Most of the 1,545 screened women were young, of low-income, and in a current intimate relationship. Lifetime prevalence of IPA was 45% in St. Thomas, 38% in St. Croix, and 37% in Baltimore. Lifetime prevalence of IPV was 38% in St. Thomas, 28% in St. Croix, and 30% in Baltimore. Past 2-year prevalence of IPV was 32% in St. Thomas, 22% in St. Croix, and 26% in Baltimore. Risk and protective factors for IPV varied by site. Community and personal acceptance of IPV were independently associated with lifetime IPA in Baltimore and St. Thomas.

CONCLUSIONS

Variance across sites for risk and protective factors emphasizes cultural considerations in sub-populations of women of African descent when addressing IPA and IPV in given settings. Individual-based interventions should be coupled with community/societal interventions to shape attitudes about use of violence in relationships and to promote healthy relationships.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA, USA; jstockman@ucsd.edu.Department of Community-Public Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.Department of Community-Public Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.Caribbean Exploratory NIMHD Research Center, School of Nursing, University of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.Caribbean Exploratory NIMHD Research Center, School of Nursing, University of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.Department of Community-Public Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.Caribbean Exploratory NIMHD Research Center, School of Nursing, University of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.Department of Community-Public Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25226418

Citation

Stockman, Jamila K., et al. "Intimate Partner Violence Among African American and African Caribbean Women: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and the Influence of Cultural Attitudes." Global Health Action, vol. 7, 2014, p. 24772.
Stockman JK, Lucea MB, Bolyard R, et al. Intimate partner violence among African American and African Caribbean women: prevalence, risk factors, and the influence of cultural attitudes. Glob Health Action. 2014;7:24772.
Stockman, J. K., Lucea, M. B., Bolyard, R., Bertand, D., Callwood, G. B., Sharps, P. W., Campbell, D. W., & Campbell, J. C. (2014). Intimate partner violence among African American and African Caribbean women: prevalence, risk factors, and the influence of cultural attitudes. Global Health Action, 7, 24772. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24772
Stockman JK, et al. Intimate Partner Violence Among African American and African Caribbean Women: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and the Influence of Cultural Attitudes. Glob Health Action. 2014;7:24772. PubMed PMID: 25226418.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intimate partner violence among African American and African Caribbean women: prevalence, risk factors, and the influence of cultural attitudes. AU - Stockman,Jamila K, AU - Lucea,Marguerite B, AU - Bolyard,Richelle, AU - Bertand,Desiree, AU - Callwood,Gloria B, AU - Sharps,Phyllis W, AU - Campbell,Doris W, AU - Campbell,Jacquelyn C, Y1 - 2014/09/12/ PY - 2014/04/27/received PY - 2014/07/24/accepted PY - 2014/9/17/entrez PY - 2014/9/17/pubmed PY - 2015/5/20/medline KW - African American KW - African Caribbean KW - cultural attitudes KW - intimate partner abuse KW - intimate partner violence KW - women SP - 24772 EP - 24772 JF - Global health action JO - Glob Health Action VL - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Women of African descent are disproportionately affected by intimate partner abuse; yet, limited data exist on whether the prevalence varies for women of African descent in the United States and those in the US territories. OBJECTIVE: In this multisite study, we estimated lifetime and 2-year prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological intimate partner abuse (IPA) among 1,545 women of African descent in the United States and US Virgin Islands (USVI). We also examined how cultural tolerance of physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) influences abuse. DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2011, we recruited African American and African Caribbean women aged 18-55 from health clinics in Baltimore, MD, and St. Thomas and St. Croix, USVI, into a comparative case-control study. Screened and enrolled women completed an audio computer-assisted self-interview. Screening-based prevalence of IPA and IPV were stratified by study site and associations between tolerance of IPV and abuse experiences were examined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Most of the 1,545 screened women were young, of low-income, and in a current intimate relationship. Lifetime prevalence of IPA was 45% in St. Thomas, 38% in St. Croix, and 37% in Baltimore. Lifetime prevalence of IPV was 38% in St. Thomas, 28% in St. Croix, and 30% in Baltimore. Past 2-year prevalence of IPV was 32% in St. Thomas, 22% in St. Croix, and 26% in Baltimore. Risk and protective factors for IPV varied by site. Community and personal acceptance of IPV were independently associated with lifetime IPA in Baltimore and St. Thomas. CONCLUSIONS: Variance across sites for risk and protective factors emphasizes cultural considerations in sub-populations of women of African descent when addressing IPA and IPV in given settings. Individual-based interventions should be coupled with community/societal interventions to shape attitudes about use of violence in relationships and to promote healthy relationships. SN - 1654-9880 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25226418/Intimate_partner_violence_among_African_American_and_African_Caribbean_women:_prevalence_risk_factors_and_the_influence_of_cultural_attitudes_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/gha.v7.24772 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -