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Lean tissue imaging: a new era for nutritional assessment and intervention.
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Nov; 38(8):940-53.JJ

Abstract

Body composition refers to the amount of fat and lean tissues in our body; it is a science that looks beyond a unit of body weight, accounting for the proportion of different tissues and its relationship to health. Although body weight and body mass index are well-known indexes of health status, most researchers agree that they are rather inaccurate measures, especially for elderly individuals and those patients with specific clinical conditions. The emerging use of imaging techniques such as dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound imaging in the clinical setting have highlighted the importance of lean soft tissue (LST) as an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. It is clear from emerging studies that body composition health will be vital in treatment decisions, prognostic outcomes, and quality of life in several nonclinical and clinical states. This review explores the methodologies and the emerging value of imaging techniques in the assessment of body composition, focusing on the value of LST to predict nutrition status.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada carla.prado@ualberta.ca.Pennington Biomedical Research Center Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25239112

Citation

Prado, Carla M M., and Steven B. Heymsfield. "Lean Tissue Imaging: a New Era for Nutritional Assessment and Intervention." JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol. 38, no. 8, 2014, pp. 940-53.
Prado CM, Heymsfield SB. Lean tissue imaging: a new era for nutritional assessment and intervention. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014;38(8):940-53.
Prado, C. M., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2014). Lean tissue imaging: a new era for nutritional assessment and intervention. JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 38(8), 940-53. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607114550189
Prado CM, Heymsfield SB. Lean Tissue Imaging: a New Era for Nutritional Assessment and Intervention. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014;38(8):940-53. PubMed PMID: 25239112.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lean tissue imaging: a new era for nutritional assessment and intervention. AU - Prado,Carla M M, AU - Heymsfield,Steven B, Y1 - 2014/09/19/ PY - 2014/9/21/entrez PY - 2014/9/23/pubmed PY - 2015/6/5/medline KW - CT KW - DXA KW - MRI KW - body composition KW - imaging KW - lean body mass KW - lean soft tissue KW - nutrition status KW - osteosarcopenic obesity KW - sarcopenia KW - sarcopenic obesity KW - ultrasound SP - 940 EP - 53 JF - JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition JO - JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr VL - 38 IS - 8 N2 - Body composition refers to the amount of fat and lean tissues in our body; it is a science that looks beyond a unit of body weight, accounting for the proportion of different tissues and its relationship to health. Although body weight and body mass index are well-known indexes of health status, most researchers agree that they are rather inaccurate measures, especially for elderly individuals and those patients with specific clinical conditions. The emerging use of imaging techniques such as dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound imaging in the clinical setting have highlighted the importance of lean soft tissue (LST) as an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. It is clear from emerging studies that body composition health will be vital in treatment decisions, prognostic outcomes, and quality of life in several nonclinical and clinical states. This review explores the methodologies and the emerging value of imaging techniques in the assessment of body composition, focusing on the value of LST to predict nutrition status. SN - 1941-2444 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25239112/Lean_tissue_imaging:_a_new_era_for_nutritional_assessment_and_intervention_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607114550189 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -