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A Dynamic Model of Adolescent Friendship Networks, Parental Influences, and Smoking.
J Youth Adolesc. 2015 Sep; 44(9):1767-86.JY

Abstract

Peer and parental influences are critical socializing forces shaping adolescent development, including the co-evolving processes of friendship tie choice and adolescent smoking. This study examines aspects of adolescent friendship networks and dimensions of parental influences shaping friendship tie choice and smoking, including parental support, parental monitoring, and the parental home smoking environment using a Stochastic Actor-Based model. With data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health of youth in grades 7 through 12, including the In-School Survey, the first wave of the In-Home survey occurring 6 months later, and the second wave of the In-Home survey, occurring one year later, this study utilizes two samples based on the social network data collected in the longitudinal saturated sample of sixteen schools. One consists of twelve small schools (n = 1,284, 50.93 % female), and the other of one large school (n = 976, 48.46 % female). The findings indicated that reciprocity, choosing a friend of a friend as a friend, and smoking similarity increased friendship tie choice behavior, as did parental support. Parental monitoring interacted with choosing friends who smoke in affecting friendship tie choice, as at higher levels of parental monitoring, youth chose fewer friends that smoked. A parental home smoking context conducive to smoking decreased the number of friends adolescents chose. Peer influence and a parental home smoking environment conducive to smoking increased smoking, while parental monitoring decreased it in the large school. Overall, peer and parental factors affected the coevolution of friendship tie choice and smoking, directly and multiplicatively.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA, clakon@uci.edu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25239115

Citation

Lakon, Cynthia M., et al. "A Dynamic Model of Adolescent Friendship Networks, Parental Influences, and Smoking." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 44, no. 9, 2015, pp. 1767-86.
Lakon CM, Wang C, Butts CT, et al. A Dynamic Model of Adolescent Friendship Networks, Parental Influences, and Smoking. J Youth Adolesc. 2015;44(9):1767-86.
Lakon, C. M., Wang, C., Butts, C. T., Jose, R., Timberlake, D. S., & Hipp, J. R. (2015). A Dynamic Model of Adolescent Friendship Networks, Parental Influences, and Smoking. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(9), 1767-86. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0187-7
Lakon CM, et al. A Dynamic Model of Adolescent Friendship Networks, Parental Influences, and Smoking. J Youth Adolesc. 2015;44(9):1767-86. PubMed PMID: 25239115.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Dynamic Model of Adolescent Friendship Networks, Parental Influences, and Smoking. AU - Lakon,Cynthia M, AU - Wang,Cheng, AU - Butts,Carter T, AU - Jose,Rupa, AU - Timberlake,David S, AU - Hipp,John R, Y1 - 2014/09/20/ PY - 2014/04/25/received PY - 2014/09/08/accepted PY - 2014/9/21/entrez PY - 2014/9/23/pubmed PY - 2016/6/2/medline SP - 1767 EP - 86 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 44 IS - 9 N2 - Peer and parental influences are critical socializing forces shaping adolescent development, including the co-evolving processes of friendship tie choice and adolescent smoking. This study examines aspects of adolescent friendship networks and dimensions of parental influences shaping friendship tie choice and smoking, including parental support, parental monitoring, and the parental home smoking environment using a Stochastic Actor-Based model. With data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health of youth in grades 7 through 12, including the In-School Survey, the first wave of the In-Home survey occurring 6 months later, and the second wave of the In-Home survey, occurring one year later, this study utilizes two samples based on the social network data collected in the longitudinal saturated sample of sixteen schools. One consists of twelve small schools (n = 1,284, 50.93 % female), and the other of one large school (n = 976, 48.46 % female). The findings indicated that reciprocity, choosing a friend of a friend as a friend, and smoking similarity increased friendship tie choice behavior, as did parental support. Parental monitoring interacted with choosing friends who smoke in affecting friendship tie choice, as at higher levels of parental monitoring, youth chose fewer friends that smoked. A parental home smoking context conducive to smoking decreased the number of friends adolescents chose. Peer influence and a parental home smoking environment conducive to smoking increased smoking, while parental monitoring decreased it in the large school. Overall, peer and parental factors affected the coevolution of friendship tie choice and smoking, directly and multiplicatively. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25239115/A_Dynamic_Model_of_Adolescent_Friendship_Networks_Parental_Influences_and_Smoking_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0187-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -