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First report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).
BMC Vet Res. 2014 Sep 21; 10:218.BV

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis, a common disease in small ruminant populations throughout the world and responsible for a significant economic impact for producers.

CASE PRESENTATION

To our knowledge, this is the first characterization of C. pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus). In this study, phenotypic and genotypic identification methods allocated the swine isolates in C. pseudotuberculosis biovar ovis. The vast majority of the isolates were able to produce phospholipase D and were susceptible to most of the antimicrobial compounds tested. Macrorestriction patterns obtained by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) grouped the C. pseudotuberculosis in two clusters with a high similarity index, which reveals their clonal relatedness. Furthermore, swine isolates were compared with C. pseudotuberculosis from caprines and PFGE patterns also showed high similarity, suggesting the prevalence of dominant clones and a potential cross-dissemination between these two animal hosts.

CONCLUSIONS

This work represents the first report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig and alerts for the importance of the establishment of suitable control and sanitary management practices to control the infection and avoid further dissemination of this important pathogen to other animal hosts.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25240511

Citation

Oliveira, Manuela, et al. "First Report of Corynebacterium Pseudotuberculosis From Caseous Lymphadenitis Lesions in Black Alentejano Pig (Sus Scrofa Domesticus)." BMC Veterinary Research, vol. 10, 2014, p. 218.
Oliveira M, Barroco C, Mottola C, et al. First report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus). BMC Vet Res. 2014;10:218.
Oliveira, M., Barroco, C., Mottola, C., Santos, R., Lemsaddek, A., Tavares, L., & Semedo-Lemsaddek, T. (2014). First report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus). BMC Veterinary Research, 10, 218. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-014-0218-3
Oliveira M, et al. First Report of Corynebacterium Pseudotuberculosis From Caseous Lymphadenitis Lesions in Black Alentejano Pig (Sus Scrofa Domesticus). BMC Vet Res. 2014 Sep 21;10:218. PubMed PMID: 25240511.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - First report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus). AU - Oliveira,Manuela, AU - Barroco,Cynthia, AU - Mottola,Carla, AU - Santos,Raquel, AU - Lemsaddek,Abdelhak, AU - Tavares,Luis, AU - Semedo-Lemsaddek,Teresa, Y1 - 2014/09/21/ PY - 2014/05/08/received PY - 2014/09/16/accepted PY - 2014/9/22/entrez PY - 2014/9/23/pubmed PY - 2015/10/21/medline SP - 218 EP - 218 JF - BMC veterinary research JO - BMC Vet. Res. VL - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the etiologic agent of caseous lymphadenitis, a common disease in small ruminant populations throughout the world and responsible for a significant economic impact for producers. CASE PRESENTATION: To our knowledge, this is the first characterization of C. pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig (Sus scrofa domesticus). In this study, phenotypic and genotypic identification methods allocated the swine isolates in C. pseudotuberculosis biovar ovis. The vast majority of the isolates were able to produce phospholipase D and were susceptible to most of the antimicrobial compounds tested. Macrorestriction patterns obtained by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) grouped the C. pseudotuberculosis in two clusters with a high similarity index, which reveals their clonal relatedness. Furthermore, swine isolates were compared with C. pseudotuberculosis from caprines and PFGE patterns also showed high similarity, suggesting the prevalence of dominant clones and a potential cross-dissemination between these two animal hosts. CONCLUSIONS: This work represents the first report of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from caseous lymphadenitis lesions in Black Alentejano pig and alerts for the importance of the establishment of suitable control and sanitary management practices to control the infection and avoid further dissemination of this important pathogen to other animal hosts. SN - 1746-6148 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25240511/First_report_of_Corynebacterium_pseudotuberculosis_from_caseous_lymphadenitis_lesions_in_Black_Alentejano_pig__Sus_scrofa_domesticus__ L2 - https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-014-0218-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -