Effect of Concomitant 3-Hydroxy-3-Methyl-Glutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitor Therapy on Creatine Phosphokinase Levels and Mortality Among Patients Receiving Daptomycin: Retrospective Cohort Study.Infect Dis Ther. 2014 Dec; 3(2):225-33.ID
The prescribing information for daptomycin recommends discontinuing statin therapy during receipt of daptomycin. The literature supporting this recommendation is sparse. The objectives of this study were to examine the impact of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) on creatine phosphokinase (CPK) elevations and mortality among patients receiving daptomycin therapy.
A retrospective cohort study was performed among daptomycin recipients in the Upstate New York Veterans' Healthcare Administration from September 15, 2003 to July 1, 2013. Inclusion criteria were: (1) daptomycin for ≥48 h, (2) availability of baseline CPK value and (3) >1 CPK level measurement taken while on therapy. The following were extracted from medical records: demographics, comorbidities, laboratory data, medication history (daptomycin, statins and concomitant drugs known to increase CPK), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE)-II score and vital status at 30 days. The exposure of interest was use of statins. The primary outcome was CPK elevation defined as a CPK value ≥3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) if baseline CPK was normal, and ≥5 times ULN if baseline CPK was elevated. The secondary outcome was death within 30 days of commencing daptomycin.
A total of 233 patients were included in this analysis. Among these patients, 53 received concomitant statin therapy. Most baseline clinical characteristics were similar between statin recipients and non-recipients. Five (2.1%) patients experienced a CPK elevation; 3/53 (5.7%) were statin recipients and 2/180 (1.1%) received daptomycin alone (p = 0.08). All patients with CPK elevations had normal baseline CPK values. No effect modification was observed by use of other concomitant medications known to increase CPK values. Death was observed more frequently among statin non-recipients (17.2%) than recipients (9.4%).
Among patients receiving daptomycin, no significant difference was observed in frequency of CPK elevation between statin recipients and non-recipients.