High-performance two-ply yarn supercapacitors based on carbon nanotube yarns dotted with Co3 O4 and NiO nanoparticles.Small. 2015 Feb 18; 11(7):854-61.S
Yarn supercapacitors are promising power sources for flexible electronic applications that require conventional fabric-like durability and wearer comfort. Carbon nanotube (CNT) yarn is an attractive choice for constructing yarn supercapacitors used in wearable textiles because of its high strength and flexibility. However, low capacitance and energy density limits the use of pure CNT yarn in wearable high-energy density devices. Here, transitional metal oxide pseudocapacitive materials NiO and Co3 O4 are deposited on as-spun CNT yarn surface using a simple electrodeposition process. The Co3 O4 deposited on the CNT yarn surface forms a uniform hybridized CNT@Co3 O4 layer. The two-ply supercapacitors formed from the CNT@Co3 O4 composite yarns display excellent electrochemical properties with very high capacitance of 52.6 mF cm(-2) and energy density of 1.10 μWh cm(-2) . The high performance two-ply CNT@Co3 O4 yarn supercapacitors are mechanically and electrochemically robust to meet the high performance requirements of power sources for wearable electronics.