The great imitator--still today! A case of meningovascular syphilis affecting the posterior circulation.J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2015 Jan; 24(1):e1-3.JS
Cerebral ischemia due to meningovascular syphilis is rare and more frequently affects the anterior circulation than the posterior circulation. We describe clinical features and imaging studies of a 50-year-old patient with Parinaud syndrome and a syphilitic dorsal midbrain infarction. Brain magnetic resonance imaging indicated vasculitis of the posterior circulation. The diagnosis of meningovascular syphilis was established by serum and cerebrospinal fluid examinations. Although rare, because of the high impact on treatment, clinicians should always be aware of meningovascular syphilis in the differential diagnosis of stroke, particularly in young and male patients with cryptogenic stroke.