Susac syndrome: diverse clinical findings and treatment.Arq Bras Oftalmol 2014 May-Jun; 77(3):188-90AB
We report a case of a 19-year-old woman presenting bilateral neurosensorial hearing loss, mental abnormalities, and loss of visual field in the left eye. Visual acuity was 20/20 in OD and 20/25 in OS. Patient was examined systemically. Audiometry showed sensorineural hearing loss in both ears. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain revealed multiple small lesions in the white matter in both cerebral hemispheres and at the corpus callosum. Fundoscopy showed bilateral normal optic disc and sheathing of the arterioles in the middle periphery of OD. Retinal edema and cotton-wool spots were observed. Fluorescein angiography showed bilateral peripheral occlusive arterial vasculopathy. The patient was diagnosed with Susac syndrome and treated with quetiapine fumarate, flunitrazepam, and prednisone, which resulted in stabile outcome. This case shows that a high index of suspicion leading to early recognition and treatment is important to avoid irreversible damage.