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Prevalence and risk factors for parent-reported recurrent otitis media during early childhood in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study.
J Paediatr Child Health. 2015 Apr; 51(4):403-9.JP

Abstract

AIM

To describe the prevalence and risk factors of recurrent otitis media (rOM) in an urban Australian population at 3 years of age.

METHODS

Cross-sectional examination of prevalence and risk factors of rOM in 2280 participants from the Raine Study enrolled from public and private hospitals in Perth, Western Australia, between 1989 and 1991. Parental report questionnaires at 3 years of age were used for rOM identification, with secondary confirmation by otoscopic examination at 1, 2 or 3 years of age.

RESULTS

The prevalence of parent-reported rOM was 26.8% (611/2280) and 5.5% (125/2280) for severe rOM in the Study. Independent associations were found between rOM and the presence of older siblings, attendance at day care and the introduction of other milk products at ≤4 months of age. Independent associations for severe rOM were the presence of allergies and attendance at day care.

CONCLUSIONS

Prevalence rates of rOM within the Raine Study children are similar to a number of other known cohorts. Parity, presence of allergies, attendance at day care and introduction of other milk products at ≤4 months are highlighted as specific risk factors for rOM in this population and presence of allergies and attendance at day care being risk factors for severe rOM. Diagnosis of rOM by parent report and the delay between data collection and reporting are limitations of this study. However, as there is very limited data on OM in urban, non-Indigenous Australian children, this study improves our understanding of OM for this group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom; Ear Science Institute Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Ear Sciences Centre, School of Surgery, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25303240

Citation

Brennan-Jones, Christopher G., et al. "Prevalence and Risk Factors for Parent-reported Recurrent Otitis Media During Early Childhood in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 51, no. 4, 2015, pp. 403-9.
Brennan-Jones CG, Whitehouse AJ, Park J, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for parent-reported recurrent otitis media during early childhood in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. J Paediatr Child Health. 2015;51(4):403-9.
Brennan-Jones, C. G., Whitehouse, A. J., Park, J., Hegarty, M., Jacques, A., Eikelboom, R. H., Swanepoel, d. e. . W., White, J. D., & Jamieson, S. E. (2015). Prevalence and risk factors for parent-reported recurrent otitis media during early childhood in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51(4), 403-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.12741
Brennan-Jones CG, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Parent-reported Recurrent Otitis Media During Early Childhood in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. J Paediatr Child Health. 2015;51(4):403-9. PubMed PMID: 25303240.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and risk factors for parent-reported recurrent otitis media during early childhood in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. AU - Brennan-Jones,Christopher G, AU - Whitehouse,Andrew Jo, AU - Park,Jae, AU - Hegarty,Mary, AU - Jacques,Angela, AU - Eikelboom,Robert H, AU - Swanepoel,De Wet, AU - White,Joanna D, AU - Jamieson,Sarra E, Y1 - 2014/10/09/ PY - 2014/08/27/accepted PY - 2014/10/11/entrez PY - 2014/10/11/pubmed PY - 2016/3/5/medline KW - Raine Study KW - epidemiology KW - glue ear KW - otitis media KW - prevalence KW - risk factor SP - 403 EP - 9 JF - Journal of paediatrics and child health JO - J Paediatr Child Health VL - 51 IS - 4 N2 - AIM: To describe the prevalence and risk factors of recurrent otitis media (rOM) in an urban Australian population at 3 years of age. METHODS: Cross-sectional examination of prevalence and risk factors of rOM in 2280 participants from the Raine Study enrolled from public and private hospitals in Perth, Western Australia, between 1989 and 1991. Parental report questionnaires at 3 years of age were used for rOM identification, with secondary confirmation by otoscopic examination at 1, 2 or 3 years of age. RESULTS: The prevalence of parent-reported rOM was 26.8% (611/2280) and 5.5% (125/2280) for severe rOM in the Study. Independent associations were found between rOM and the presence of older siblings, attendance at day care and the introduction of other milk products at ≤4 months of age. Independent associations for severe rOM were the presence of allergies and attendance at day care. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence rates of rOM within the Raine Study children are similar to a number of other known cohorts. Parity, presence of allergies, attendance at day care and introduction of other milk products at ≤4 months are highlighted as specific risk factors for rOM in this population and presence of allergies and attendance at day care being risk factors for severe rOM. Diagnosis of rOM by parent report and the delay between data collection and reporting are limitations of this study. However, as there is very limited data on OM in urban, non-Indigenous Australian children, this study improves our understanding of OM for this group. SN - 1440-1754 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25303240/full_citation L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.12741 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -