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Phytosterol content and fatty acid pattern of ten different nut types.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2013; 83(5):263-70.IJ

Abstract

Ten different nut kinds (almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamias, peanuts, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts) were evaluated for their total oil and phytosterol content as well as their fatty acid composition. The total oil content was the predominant component; mean values oscillated between 45.2 % (cashews) and 74.7 % (macadamias). Mean total phytosterol content ranged from 71.7 mg (Brazil nuts) to 271.9 mg (pistachios) per 100 g oil. β-sitosterol was the major sterol (mean >71.7 mg/100 g oil) followed by minor contents of campesterol, ergosterol, and stigmasterol. Almonds, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamias, and pistachios were high in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA; > 55 %). MUFA- and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-rich nuts were peanuts and pecans, whereas Brazil nuts, pine nuts, and walnuts had the highest PUFA content (> 50 %); the high unsaturated/saturated fatty acid ratio ranged from 4.5 to 11.8. However, the fatty acid pattern of every nut is unique.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Austria.Institute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Austria.Institute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Austria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25305221

Citation

Kornsteiner-Krenn, Margit, et al. "Phytosterol Content and Fatty Acid Pattern of Ten Different Nut Types." International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift Fur Vitamin- Und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition, vol. 83, no. 5, 2013, pp. 263-70.
Kornsteiner-Krenn M, Wagner KH, Elmadfa I. Phytosterol content and fatty acid pattern of ten different nut types. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2013;83(5):263-70.
Kornsteiner-Krenn, M., Wagner, K. H., & Elmadfa, I. (2013). Phytosterol content and fatty acid pattern of ten different nut types. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift Fur Vitamin- Und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition, 83(5), 263-70. https://doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831/a000168
Kornsteiner-Krenn M, Wagner KH, Elmadfa I. Phytosterol Content and Fatty Acid Pattern of Ten Different Nut Types. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2013;83(5):263-70. PubMed PMID: 25305221.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phytosterol content and fatty acid pattern of ten different nut types. AU - Kornsteiner-Krenn,Margit, AU - Wagner,Karl-Heinz, AU - Elmadfa,Ibrahim, PY - 2014/10/12/entrez PY - 2014/10/12/pubmed PY - 2015/1/9/medline KW - Brazil nuts KW - almonds KW - cashews KW - fatty acids KW - hazelnuts KW - macadamias KW - peanuts KW - pecans KW - phytosterols KW - pine nuts KW - pistachios KW - walnuts SP - 263 EP - 70 JF - International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition JO - Int J Vitam Nutr Res VL - 83 IS - 5 N2 - Ten different nut kinds (almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamias, peanuts, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts) were evaluated for their total oil and phytosterol content as well as their fatty acid composition. The total oil content was the predominant component; mean values oscillated between 45.2 % (cashews) and 74.7 % (macadamias). Mean total phytosterol content ranged from 71.7 mg (Brazil nuts) to 271.9 mg (pistachios) per 100 g oil. β-sitosterol was the major sterol (mean >71.7 mg/100 g oil) followed by minor contents of campesterol, ergosterol, and stigmasterol. Almonds, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamias, and pistachios were high in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA; > 55 %). MUFA- and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-rich nuts were peanuts and pecans, whereas Brazil nuts, pine nuts, and walnuts had the highest PUFA content (> 50 %); the high unsaturated/saturated fatty acid ratio ranged from 4.5 to 11.8. However, the fatty acid pattern of every nut is unique. SN - 0300-9831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25305221/Phytosterol_content_and_fatty_acid_pattern_of_ten_different_nut_types_ L2 - http://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/full/10.1024/0300-9831/a000168?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -