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Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in asymptomatic patients under 30 years of age screened in a French sexually transmitted infections clinic.
Eur J Dermatol 2014 Sep-Oct; 24(5):611-6EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

An increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) has been noted in France over the past decade. Asymptomatic carriage may be high in patients infected with Chlamydia trachomatis attending free and anonymous screening centres (CDAG) and information, diagnosis and screening centres for STI (CIDDIST). In these centres, systematic C. trachomatis detection is recommended in women ≤25 years and in men ≤30 years.

OBJECTIVES

This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of C. trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in asymptomatic patients younger than 30 years attending a CDAG-CIDDIST.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

A free systematic screening for C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae and M. genitalium was offered to asymptomatic subjects under 30 years attending the Montpellier CDAG-CIDDIST from April to August 2009. Pathogens were identified by PCR in first void urine samples.

RESULTS

Of the 1381 subjects included (53.8% women and 46.2% men), 105 (42.9% men and 57.1% women) tested positive for C. trachomatis (7.6%, 95% CI [6.3;9.13]); eight (seven men and one woman) tested positive for M. genitalium (0.58% [0.2;1]) of whom two were infected with C. trachomatis ; five (two men and three women) tested positive for N. gonorrhoeae (0.36% [0.1;0.8]) of whom three were infected with C. trachomatis.

CONCLUSION

This study confirmed the need for C. trachomatis screening in all patients under 30 years. Our results did not support a systematic screening for N. gonorrhoeae and M. genitalium in urine samples in this kind of facility.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unité de Recherche Clinique et Epidémiologie, Hôpital La Colombière, Montpellier, France.CDAG/CIDDIST.Département de Bactériologie, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France, Université Montpellier 1 UMR 5119 ECOSYM, Montpellier, France.CDAG/CIDDIST.CDAG/CIDDIST.DRASS Languedoc-Roussillon.Observatoire Régional de la Santé du Languedoc Roussillon.Service de Dermatologie Hôpital Saint-Eloi 34295 Montpellier, France, Inserm Unité1058, UFR de Pharmacie 15, Montpellier, France.Service de Dermatologie Hôpital Saint-Eloi 34295 Montpellier, France, Inserm Unité1058, UFR de Pharmacie 15, Montpellier, France.Unité de Recherche Clinique et Epidémiologie, Hôpital La Colombière, Montpellier, France, Centre d'Investigation Clinique, Inserm Unité 1001.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25322708

Citation

Clarivet, Béatrice, et al. "Prevalence of Chlamydia Trachomatis, Neisseria Gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma Genitalium in Asymptomatic Patients Under 30 Years of Age Screened in a French Sexually Transmitted Infections Clinic." European Journal of Dermatology : EJD, vol. 24, no. 5, 2014, pp. 611-6.
Clarivet B, Picot E, Marchandin H, et al. Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in asymptomatic patients under 30 years of age screened in a French sexually transmitted infections clinic. Eur J Dermatol. 2014;24(5):611-6.
Clarivet, B., Picot, E., Marchandin, H., Tribout, V., Rachedi, N., Schwartzentruber, E., ... Picot, M. C. (2014). Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in asymptomatic patients under 30 years of age screened in a French sexually transmitted infections clinic. European Journal of Dermatology : EJD, 24(5), pp. 611-6. doi:10.1684/ejd.2014.2413.
Clarivet B, et al. Prevalence of Chlamydia Trachomatis, Neisseria Gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma Genitalium in Asymptomatic Patients Under 30 Years of Age Screened in a French Sexually Transmitted Infections Clinic. Eur J Dermatol. 2014;24(5):611-6. PubMed PMID: 25322708.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in asymptomatic patients under 30 years of age screened in a French sexually transmitted infections clinic. AU - Clarivet,Béatrice, AU - Picot,Eric, AU - Marchandin,Hélène, AU - Tribout,Vincent, AU - Rachedi,Nadia, AU - Schwartzentruber,Eric, AU - Ledésert,Bernard, AU - Dereure,Olivier, AU - Guillot,Bernard, AU - Picot,Marie-Christine, PY - 2014/10/18/entrez PY - 2014/10/18/pubmed PY - 2015/9/1/medline KW - Chlamydia trachomatis KW - Mycoplasma genitalium KW - Neisseria gonorrhoeae KW - asymptomatic KW - prevalence KW - sexually transmitted infections SP - 611 EP - 6 JF - European journal of dermatology : EJD JO - Eur J Dermatol VL - 24 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: An increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) has been noted in France over the past decade. Asymptomatic carriage may be high in patients infected with Chlamydia trachomatis attending free and anonymous screening centres (CDAG) and information, diagnosis and screening centres for STI (CIDDIST). In these centres, systematic C. trachomatis detection is recommended in women ≤25 years and in men ≤30 years. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of C. trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium in asymptomatic patients younger than 30 years attending a CDAG-CIDDIST. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A free systematic screening for C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae and M. genitalium was offered to asymptomatic subjects under 30 years attending the Montpellier CDAG-CIDDIST from April to August 2009. Pathogens were identified by PCR in first void urine samples. RESULTS: Of the 1381 subjects included (53.8% women and 46.2% men), 105 (42.9% men and 57.1% women) tested positive for C. trachomatis (7.6%, 95% CI [6.3;9.13]); eight (seven men and one woman) tested positive for M. genitalium (0.58% [0.2;1]) of whom two were infected with C. trachomatis ; five (two men and three women) tested positive for N. gonorrhoeae (0.36% [0.1;0.8]) of whom three were infected with C. trachomatis. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the need for C. trachomatis screening in all patients under 30 years. Our results did not support a systematic screening for N. gonorrhoeae and M. genitalium in urine samples in this kind of facility. SN - 1952-4013 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25322708/Prevalence_of_Chlamydia_trachomatis_Neisseria_gonorrhoeae_and_Mycoplasma_genitalium_in_asymptomatic_patients_under_30_years_of_age_screened_in_a_French_sexually_transmitted_infections_clinic_ L2 - http://www.john-libbey-eurotext.fr/medline.md?doi=10.1684/ejd.2014.2413 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -