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Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children.
Health Soc Care Community 2015; 23(5):541-9HS

Abstract

The healthy nutrition guidelines proposed by international research institutes and the World Health Organization recommend a daily intake of fruit and vegetables of at least 400 g, representing five servings a day (each serving contains around 80 g). Moreover, the recommendations stress the importance of consuming both fruit and vegetables daily, preferably at least two portions of fruit and three portions of vegetables per day. To efficiently develop interventions for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among children, it is essential to identify and understand the factors that influence these behaviours. The present study aims at identifying the individual and familial factors which influence fruit and vegetable consumption among Romanian children. A cross-sectional survey by means of anonymous questionnaires was conducted among 361 school children, aged 11-14, from Cluj-Napoca, Romania (April-May 2011). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake. The results show that 44.6% of the children met the recommendations regarding fruit intake, while 9.1% of the children declared eating the daily recommended portions of vegetables. Knowledge regarding the recommended number of daily servings and higher self-efficacy concerning the intake of fruit and vegetables every day were positively associated with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables. Fruit preference also influenced positively the consumption of fruit. The familial factor associated with vegetable intake was the perceived behaviour of the mother, while fruit intake was higher among children who declared higher fruit availability at home. Hence, it is necessary to develop in Romania nutrition interventions addressing the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake as identified by this study; these interventions should target both children and parents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Hygiene, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Nutricenter, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.Medisprof, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25323566

Citation

Lotrean, Lucia Maria, and Iulia Tutui. "Individual and Familial Factors Associated With Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian School Children." Health & Social Care in the Community, vol. 23, no. 5, 2015, pp. 541-9.
Lotrean LM, Tutui I. Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children. Health Soc Care Community. 2015;23(5):541-9.
Lotrean, L. M., & Tutui, I. (2015). Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children. Health & Social Care in the Community, 23(5), pp. 541-9. doi:10.1111/hsc.12166.
Lotrean LM, Tutui I. Individual and Familial Factors Associated With Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian School Children. Health Soc Care Community. 2015;23(5):541-9. PubMed PMID: 25323566.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children. AU - Lotrean,Lucia Maria, AU - Tutui,Iulia, Y1 - 2014/10/17/ PY - 2014/09/19/accepted PY - 2014/10/18/entrez PY - 2014/10/18/pubmed PY - 2016/10/12/medline KW - Romanian children KW - fruit and vegetables KW - health education SP - 541 EP - 9 JF - Health & social care in the community JO - Health Soc Care Community VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - The healthy nutrition guidelines proposed by international research institutes and the World Health Organization recommend a daily intake of fruit and vegetables of at least 400 g, representing five servings a day (each serving contains around 80 g). Moreover, the recommendations stress the importance of consuming both fruit and vegetables daily, preferably at least two portions of fruit and three portions of vegetables per day. To efficiently develop interventions for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among children, it is essential to identify and understand the factors that influence these behaviours. The present study aims at identifying the individual and familial factors which influence fruit and vegetable consumption among Romanian children. A cross-sectional survey by means of anonymous questionnaires was conducted among 361 school children, aged 11-14, from Cluj-Napoca, Romania (April-May 2011). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake. The results show that 44.6% of the children met the recommendations regarding fruit intake, while 9.1% of the children declared eating the daily recommended portions of vegetables. Knowledge regarding the recommended number of daily servings and higher self-efficacy concerning the intake of fruit and vegetables every day were positively associated with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables. Fruit preference also influenced positively the consumption of fruit. The familial factor associated with vegetable intake was the perceived behaviour of the mother, while fruit intake was higher among children who declared higher fruit availability at home. Hence, it is necessary to develop in Romania nutrition interventions addressing the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake as identified by this study; these interventions should target both children and parents. SN - 1365-2524 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25323566/Individual_and_familial_factors_associated_with_fruit_and_vegetable_intake_among_11__to_14_year_old_Romanian_school_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12166 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -