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The prevalence, pattern and clinical presentation of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies in children with primary and mix dentition from Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
BMC Oral Health. 2014 Oct 16; 14:125.BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The study of dental anomalies is important because it generates information that is important for both the anthropological and clinical management of patients. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of presentation of dental hard-tissue developmental anomalies in the mix dentition of children residing in Ile-Ife, a suburban region of Nigeria.

METHODS

Information on age, sex and socioeconomic status was collected from 1,036 children aged four months to 12 years through a household survey. Clinical examination was conducted to assess the presence of dental anomalies. Associations between age, sex, socioeconomic status, prevalence, and pattern of presentation of the developmental hard-tissue dental anomalies were determined.

RESULT

Two hundred and seventy six (26.6%) children had dental anomalies. Of these, 23.8% had one anomaly, 2.5% had two anomalies, and 0.3% had more than two anomalies. Of the children with anomalies, 49.3%were male, 50.7%were female, and 47.8%, 28.6% and 23.6% were children from low, middle and high socioeconomic classes, respectively. More anomalies were seen in permanent than primary dentition. Anomalies of tooth structure were most prevalent (16.1%); anomalies which affect tooth number were least prevalent (1.3%). Dens evaginatus, peg-shaped lateral, macrodontia, and talon cusp were more prevalent in the permanent dentition, and dens evaginatus peg-shaped lateral and macrodontia were more prevalent in the maxilla. There were significantly more macrodontia anomalies in males and in children of high socioeconomic status.

CONCLUSION

This large survey of dental hard-tissue anomalies found in the primary dentition and mixed dentition of children in Nigeria provides anthropological and clinical data that may aid the detection and management of dental problems of children in Nigeria.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. tesy4jil2004@yahoo.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25323952

Citation

Temilola, Dada Oluwaseyi, et al. "The Prevalence, Pattern and Clinical Presentation of Developmental Dental Hard-tissue Anomalies in Children With Primary and Mix Dentition From Ile-Ife, Nigeria." BMC Oral Health, vol. 14, 2014, p. 125.
Temilola DO, Folayan MO, Fatusi O, et al. The prevalence, pattern and clinical presentation of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies in children with primary and mix dentition from Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2014;14:125.
Temilola, D. O., Folayan, M. O., Fatusi, O., Chukwumah, N. M., Onyejaka, N., Oziegbe, E., Oyedele, T., Kolawole, K. A., & Agbaje, H. (2014). The prevalence, pattern and clinical presentation of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies in children with primary and mix dentition from Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health, 14, 125. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6831-14-125
Temilola DO, et al. The Prevalence, Pattern and Clinical Presentation of Developmental Dental Hard-tissue Anomalies in Children With Primary and Mix Dentition From Ile-Ife, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2014 Oct 16;14:125. PubMed PMID: 25323952.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence, pattern and clinical presentation of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies in children with primary and mix dentition from Ile-Ife, Nigeria. AU - Temilola,Dada Oluwaseyi, AU - Folayan,Morenike Oluwatoyin, AU - Fatusi,Olawunmi, AU - Chukwumah,Nneka Maureen, AU - Onyejaka,Nneka, AU - Oziegbe,Elizabeth, AU - Oyedele,Titus, AU - Kolawole,Kikelomo Adebanke, AU - Agbaje,Hakeem, Y1 - 2014/10/16/ PY - 2014/07/11/received PY - 2014/10/09/accepted PY - 2014/10/18/entrez PY - 2014/10/18/pubmed PY - 2015/10/7/medline SP - 125 EP - 125 JF - BMC oral health JO - BMC Oral Health VL - 14 N2 - BACKGROUND: The study of dental anomalies is important because it generates information that is important for both the anthropological and clinical management of patients. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of presentation of dental hard-tissue developmental anomalies in the mix dentition of children residing in Ile-Ife, a suburban region of Nigeria. METHODS: Information on age, sex and socioeconomic status was collected from 1,036 children aged four months to 12 years through a household survey. Clinical examination was conducted to assess the presence of dental anomalies. Associations between age, sex, socioeconomic status, prevalence, and pattern of presentation of the developmental hard-tissue dental anomalies were determined. RESULT: Two hundred and seventy six (26.6%) children had dental anomalies. Of these, 23.8% had one anomaly, 2.5% had two anomalies, and 0.3% had more than two anomalies. Of the children with anomalies, 49.3%were male, 50.7%were female, and 47.8%, 28.6% and 23.6% were children from low, middle and high socioeconomic classes, respectively. More anomalies were seen in permanent than primary dentition. Anomalies of tooth structure were most prevalent (16.1%); anomalies which affect tooth number were least prevalent (1.3%). Dens evaginatus, peg-shaped lateral, macrodontia, and talon cusp were more prevalent in the permanent dentition, and dens evaginatus peg-shaped lateral and macrodontia were more prevalent in the maxilla. There were significantly more macrodontia anomalies in males and in children of high socioeconomic status. CONCLUSION: This large survey of dental hard-tissue anomalies found in the primary dentition and mixed dentition of children in Nigeria provides anthropological and clinical data that may aid the detection and management of dental problems of children in Nigeria. SN - 1472-6831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25323952/The_prevalence_pattern_and_clinical_presentation_of_developmental_dental_hard_tissue_anomalies_in_children_with_primary_and_mix_dentition_from_Ile_Ife_Nigeria_ L2 - https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6831-14-125 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -