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Circumcision of privately insured males aged 0 to 18 years in the United States.
Pediatrics. 2014 Nov; 134(5):950-6.Ped

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Male circumcision confers protection against HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and urinary tract infections. Compared with circumcision of postneonates (>28 days), circumcision of neonates is associated with fewer complications and usually performed with local rather than general anesthesia. We assessed circumcision of commercially insured males during the neonatal or postneonatal period.

METHODS

We analyzed 2010 MarketScan claims data from commercial health plans, using procedural codes to identify circumcisions performed on males aged 0 to 18 years, and diagnostic codes to assess clinical indications for the procedure. Among circumcisions performed in the first year of life, we estimated rates for neonates and postneonates. We estimated the percentage of circumcisions by age among males who had circumcisions in 2010, and the mean payment for neonatal and postneonatal procedures.

RESULTS

We found that 156,247 circumcisions were performed, with 146,213 (93.6%) in neonates and 10,034 (6.4%) in postneonates. The neonatal circumcision rate was 65.7%, and 6.1% of uncircumcised neonates were circumcised by their first birthday. Among postneonatal circumcisions, 46.6% were performed in males younger than 1 year and 25.1% were for nonmedical indications. The mean payment was $285 for a neonatal and $1885 for a postneonatal circumcision.

CONCLUSIONS

The large number of nonmedical postneonatal circumcisions suggests that neonatal circumcision might be a missed opportunity for these boys. Delay of nonmedical circumcision results in greater risk for the child, and a more costly procedure. Discussions with parents early in pregnancy might help them make an informed decision about circumcision of their child.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; The CDC Experience Applied Epidemiology Fellowship, Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; and.Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia;Departments of Pediatrics and Urology, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York.Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; khoover@cdc.gov.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25332502

Citation

Hart-Cooper, Geoffrey D., et al. "Circumcision of Privately Insured Males Aged 0 to 18 Years in the United States." Pediatrics, vol. 134, no. 5, 2014, pp. 950-6.
Hart-Cooper GD, Tao G, Stock JA, et al. Circumcision of privately insured males aged 0 to 18 years in the United States. Pediatrics. 2014;134(5):950-6.
Hart-Cooper, G. D., Tao, G., Stock, J. A., & Hoover, K. W. (2014). Circumcision of privately insured males aged 0 to 18 years in the United States. Pediatrics, 134(5), 950-6. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-1007
Hart-Cooper GD, et al. Circumcision of Privately Insured Males Aged 0 to 18 Years in the United States. Pediatrics. 2014;134(5):950-6. PubMed PMID: 25332502.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Circumcision of privately insured males aged 0 to 18 years in the United States. AU - Hart-Cooper,Geoffrey D, AU - Tao,Guoyu, AU - Stock,Jeffrey A, AU - Hoover,Karen W, Y1 - 2014/10/20/ PY - 2014/10/22/entrez PY - 2014/10/22/pubmed PY - 2015/1/24/medline KW - circumcision KW - neonatal KW - postneonatal SP - 950 EP - 6 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 134 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Male circumcision confers protection against HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and urinary tract infections. Compared with circumcision of postneonates (>28 days), circumcision of neonates is associated with fewer complications and usually performed with local rather than general anesthesia. We assessed circumcision of commercially insured males during the neonatal or postneonatal period. METHODS: We analyzed 2010 MarketScan claims data from commercial health plans, using procedural codes to identify circumcisions performed on males aged 0 to 18 years, and diagnostic codes to assess clinical indications for the procedure. Among circumcisions performed in the first year of life, we estimated rates for neonates and postneonates. We estimated the percentage of circumcisions by age among males who had circumcisions in 2010, and the mean payment for neonatal and postneonatal procedures. RESULTS: We found that 156,247 circumcisions were performed, with 146,213 (93.6%) in neonates and 10,034 (6.4%) in postneonates. The neonatal circumcision rate was 65.7%, and 6.1% of uncircumcised neonates were circumcised by their first birthday. Among postneonatal circumcisions, 46.6% were performed in males younger than 1 year and 25.1% were for nonmedical indications. The mean payment was $285 for a neonatal and $1885 for a postneonatal circumcision. CONCLUSIONS: The large number of nonmedical postneonatal circumcisions suggests that neonatal circumcision might be a missed opportunity for these boys. Delay of nonmedical circumcision results in greater risk for the child, and a more costly procedure. Discussions with parents early in pregnancy might help them make an informed decision about circumcision of their child. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25332502/Circumcision_of_privately_insured_males_aged_0_to_18_years_in_the_United_States_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=25332502 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -