[Analysis of volatile compounds of fresh tea leaves from yaoluoping nature preserve by SDE-GC-MS].Zhong Yao Cai. 2014 May; 37(5):811-5.ZY
To study the volatile compounds of fresh tea leaves from Yaoluoping Nature Preserve, and to provide scientific basis for the quality and medicinal value of tea from high mountainous area.
The volatile compounds were extracted from fresh tea leaves by simultaneous distillation and extraction, and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrum (GC-MS).
41 volatile compounds were identified from two tea cultivars, Shifoxiang and Shifocui. Shifoxiang had 32 kinds of volatile compounds and Shifocui had 38 kinds of volatile compounds. The main volatile components of Shifoxiang and Shifocui were green leaf volatiles. The kind and relative content of terpenes of Shifocui were more than that of Shifoxiang. Also the kind and relative content of ketones of Shifocui were more than that of Shifoxiang. There was one kind of heterocyclic compound of Shifocui.
The main volatile components of Shifoxiang and Shifocui had an important role for the formation of unique aroma of high mountain ous tea. The composition and proportion of volatile components between Shifoxiang and Shifocui had certain differences. Some trace components may be associated with defense in the process of tea plant growth. The functional components from the volatile components had good medicinal value, worthy of further research.