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Modulation of eyeblink and postauricular reflexes during the anticipation and viewing of food images.
Psychophysiology. 2015 Apr; 52(4):509-17.P

Abstract

One of the goals of neuroscience research on the reward system is to fractionate its functions into meaningful subcomponents. To this end, the present study examined emotional modulation of the eyeblink and postauricular components of startle in 60 young adults during anticipation and viewing of food images. Appetitive and disgusting photos served as rewards and punishments in a guessing game. Reflexes evoked during anticipation were not influenced by valence, consistent with the prevailing view that startle modulation indexes hedonic impact (liking) rather than incentive salience (wanting). During the slide-viewing period, postauricular reflexes were larger for correct than incorrect feedback, whereas the reverse was true for blink reflexes. Probes were delivered in brief trains, but only the first response exhibited this pattern. The specificity of affective startle modification makes it a valuable tool for studying the reward system.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, USA; Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25336280

Citation

Hebert, Karen R., et al. "Modulation of Eyeblink and Postauricular Reflexes During the Anticipation and Viewing of Food Images." Psychophysiology, vol. 52, no. 4, 2015, pp. 509-17.
Hebert KR, Valle-Inclán F, Hackley SA. Modulation of eyeblink and postauricular reflexes during the anticipation and viewing of food images. Psychophysiology. 2015;52(4):509-17.
Hebert, K. R., Valle-Inclán, F., & Hackley, S. A. (2015). Modulation of eyeblink and postauricular reflexes during the anticipation and viewing of food images. Psychophysiology, 52(4), 509-17. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12372
Hebert KR, Valle-Inclán F, Hackley SA. Modulation of Eyeblink and Postauricular Reflexes During the Anticipation and Viewing of Food Images. Psychophysiology. 2015;52(4):509-17. PubMed PMID: 25336280.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Modulation of eyeblink and postauricular reflexes during the anticipation and viewing of food images. AU - Hebert,Karen R, AU - Valle-Inclán,Fernando, AU - Hackley,Steven A, Y1 - 2014/10/22/ PY - 2014/04/25/received PY - 2014/09/23/accepted PY - 2014/10/23/entrez PY - 2014/10/23/pubmed PY - 2016/12/15/medline KW - Anticipatory attention KW - Food cues KW - Postauricular reflex KW - Reward KW - Startle blink SP - 509 EP - 17 JF - Psychophysiology JO - Psychophysiology VL - 52 IS - 4 N2 - One of the goals of neuroscience research on the reward system is to fractionate its functions into meaningful subcomponents. To this end, the present study examined emotional modulation of the eyeblink and postauricular components of startle in 60 young adults during anticipation and viewing of food images. Appetitive and disgusting photos served as rewards and punishments in a guessing game. Reflexes evoked during anticipation were not influenced by valence, consistent with the prevailing view that startle modulation indexes hedonic impact (liking) rather than incentive salience (wanting). During the slide-viewing period, postauricular reflexes were larger for correct than incorrect feedback, whereas the reverse was true for blink reflexes. Probes were delivered in brief trains, but only the first response exhibited this pattern. The specificity of affective startle modification makes it a valuable tool for studying the reward system. SN - 1540-5958 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25336280/Modulation_of_eyeblink_and_postauricular_reflexes_during_the_anticipation_and_viewing_of_food_images_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -