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Higher serum carotenoid concentrations associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.
Br J Nutr. 2014 Dec 28; 112(12):2041-8.BJ

Abstract

The association between serum carotenoids and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains uncertain, and little is known about this relationship in the Chinese population. The present study examined the association between serum carotenoid concentrations and the MetS in Chinese adults. We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study in which 2148 subjects (1547 women and 601 men) aged 50-75 years were recruited in urban Guangzhou, China. Dietary data and other covariates were collected during face-to-face interviews. Blood pressure, waist circumference, blood lipids, glucose and serum carotenoids (α-, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene and lutein/zeaxanthin) were examined. We found dose-response inverse relationships between individual serum carotenoid concentrations and total carotenoids and the prevalence of the MetS after adjusting for potential confounders (P for trend < 0.001). The OR of the MetS for the highest (v. lowest) quartile were 0.31 (95% CI 0.20, 0.47) for α-carotene, 0.23 (95% CI 0.15, 0.36) for β-carotene, 0.44 (95% CI 0.29, 0.67) for β-cryptoxanthin, 0.39 (95% CI 0.26, 0.58) for lycopene, 0.28 (95% CI 0.18, 0.44) for lutein+zeaxanthin and 0.19 (95% CI 0.12, 0.30) for total carotenoids. Higher concentrations of each individual carotenoid and total carotenoids were significantly associated with a decrease in the number of abnormal MetS components (P for trend < 0.001-0.023). Higher serum carotenoid levels were associated with a lower prevalence of the MetS and fewer abnormal MetS components in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong510080,People's Republic of China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong510080,People's Republic of China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong510080,People's Republic of China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong510080,People's Republic of China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong510080,People's Republic of China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong510080,People's Republic of China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong510080,People's Republic of China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25345663

Citation

Liu, Jun, et al. "Higher Serum Carotenoid Concentrations Associated With a Lower Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Middle-aged and Elderly Chinese Adults." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 112, no. 12, 2014, pp. 2041-8.
Liu J, Shi WQ, Cao Y, et al. Higher serum carotenoid concentrations associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults. Br J Nutr. 2014;112(12):2041-8.
Liu, J., Shi, W. Q., Cao, Y., He, L. P., Guan, K., Ling, W. H., & Chen, Y. M. (2014). Higher serum carotenoid concentrations associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults. The British Journal of Nutrition, 112(12), 2041-8. https://doi.org/10.1017/S000711451400316X
Liu J, et al. Higher Serum Carotenoid Concentrations Associated With a Lower Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Middle-aged and Elderly Chinese Adults. Br J Nutr. 2014 Dec 28;112(12):2041-8. PubMed PMID: 25345663.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Higher serum carotenoid concentrations associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults. AU - Liu,Jun, AU - Shi,Wen-Qi, AU - Cao,Yi, AU - He,Li-Ping, AU - Guan,Ke, AU - Ling,Wen-Hua, AU - Chen,Yu-Ming, Y1 - 2014/10/27/ PY - 2014/10/28/entrez PY - 2014/10/28/pubmed PY - 2015/1/21/medline SP - 2041 EP - 8 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 112 IS - 12 N2 - The association between serum carotenoids and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains uncertain, and little is known about this relationship in the Chinese population. The present study examined the association between serum carotenoid concentrations and the MetS in Chinese adults. We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study in which 2148 subjects (1547 women and 601 men) aged 50-75 years were recruited in urban Guangzhou, China. Dietary data and other covariates were collected during face-to-face interviews. Blood pressure, waist circumference, blood lipids, glucose and serum carotenoids (α-, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene and lutein/zeaxanthin) were examined. We found dose-response inverse relationships between individual serum carotenoid concentrations and total carotenoids and the prevalence of the MetS after adjusting for potential confounders (P for trend < 0.001). The OR of the MetS for the highest (v. lowest) quartile were 0.31 (95% CI 0.20, 0.47) for α-carotene, 0.23 (95% CI 0.15, 0.36) for β-carotene, 0.44 (95% CI 0.29, 0.67) for β-cryptoxanthin, 0.39 (95% CI 0.26, 0.58) for lycopene, 0.28 (95% CI 0.18, 0.44) for lutein+zeaxanthin and 0.19 (95% CI 0.12, 0.30) for total carotenoids. Higher concentrations of each individual carotenoid and total carotenoids were significantly associated with a decrease in the number of abnormal MetS components (P for trend < 0.001-0.023). Higher serum carotenoid levels were associated with a lower prevalence of the MetS and fewer abnormal MetS components in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25345663/Higher_serum_carotenoid_concentrations_associated_with_a_lower_prevalence_of_the_metabolic_syndrome_in_middle_aged_and_elderly_Chinese_adults_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S000711451400316X/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -