[Luteal function in patients with endometriosis].Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 1989 Oct; 11(5):344-8.ZY
Luteal function was studied in 19 cases with endometriosis, infertility being present in 16 cases. Based on previous menstrual cycles, BBT graphs and cervical mucus scores, serum LH concentrations were measured consecutively for 3 days during peri-ovulatory period to define day of LH peak (D0). Meanwhile, serum estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) levels were determined in early, mid and late luteal phase. Endometrium biopsies were done on 4th and 12th days after BBT rise in 16 cases and dated according to Noyes' criteria. Six normally cycling women with matched age were served as controls.
Serum LH peaks were detected in all patients and normal subjects. All data were synchronized by D0, and analyzed. In endometriosis group, mean serum P levels in early, mid-luteal phase and total luteal phase (the sum of 3 values) were significantly lower than those in control group. Five cases (26.3%) showed low P levels during mid-luteal and/or total luteal phase. Delayed endometrial maturation was observed in 10 of 16 cases (62.5%). Short luteal phase and/or delayed elevation of BBT were shown in 3 of 14 cases (21.4%). Besides, 10 of 12 cases (83.3%) had at least one abnormality in all 3 parameters and 7 cases (58.3%) had two abnormalities. In conclusion, the incidence of luteal phase defect (LPD) is higher in endometriosis group than that in the controls. The mechanisms of LPD and its relationship with infertility were discussed.