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A systematic review comparing Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty methods of cleft palate repair.
Plast Reconstr Surg 2014; 134(5):1014-22PR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A systematic review was conducted to compare the speech outcomes and fistula rates following repair of the cleft palate with Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty techniques.

METHODS

A systematic search of the English literature published in the MEDLINE, Ovid, and Embase electronic databases was performed using the following keywords: "cleft palate," "intravelar veloplasty," "velopharyngeal insufficiency," and "speech outcome." The exclusion criteria were as follows: syndromic patients, no description or poor description of the technique used, data not stratified by cleft palate type, two-stage cleft palate repair, average age at repair younger than 9 months or older than 18 months, and age at the last follow-up younger than 4 years. Statistical analysis was used to compare the rate of secondary operations and the incidence of velopharyngeal insufficiency.

RESULTS

Twelve studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. In the isolated cleft palate group, the mean failure rates were 9.7 and 16.5 percent for Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty closure, respectively. In the unilateral cleft lip-cleft palate group, the mean failure rates were 11.1 and 17.1 percent for Furlow and straight-line intravelar veloplasty closure, respectively. The difference in the odds of requiring secondary surgery in the straight-line intravelar veloplasty repair group versus the Furlow group was statistically significant (p=0.03) in unilateral cleft lip-cleft palate.

CONCLUSION

This systematic review indicated an increased incidence of velopharyngeal insufficiency as revealed by higher odds of secondary operations in the straight-line intravelar veloplasty repair of unilateral cleft lip-cleft palate when compared with Furlow Z-plasty.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cleveland, Ohio From the Dermatology and Plastic Surgery Institute, Cleveland Clinic.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25347635

Citation

Timbang, Mary Roz, et al. "A Systematic Review Comparing Furlow Double-opposing Z-plasty and Straight-line Intravelar Veloplasty Methods of Cleft Palate Repair." Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 134, no. 5, 2014, pp. 1014-22.
Timbang MR, Gharb BB, Rampazzo A, et al. A systematic review comparing Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty methods of cleft palate repair. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014;134(5):1014-22.
Timbang, M. R., Gharb, B. B., Rampazzo, A., Papay, F., Zins, J., & Doumit, G. (2014). A systematic review comparing Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty methods of cleft palate repair. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 134(5), pp. 1014-22. doi:10.1097/PRS.0000000000000637.
Timbang MR, et al. A Systematic Review Comparing Furlow Double-opposing Z-plasty and Straight-line Intravelar Veloplasty Methods of Cleft Palate Repair. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014;134(5):1014-22. PubMed PMID: 25347635.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A systematic review comparing Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty methods of cleft palate repair. AU - Timbang,Mary Roz, AU - Gharb,Bahar Bassiri, AU - Rampazzo,Antonio, AU - Papay,Frank, AU - Zins,James, AU - Doumit,Gaby, PY - 2014/10/28/entrez PY - 2014/10/28/pubmed PY - 2015/3/17/medline SP - 1014 EP - 22 JF - Plastic and reconstructive surgery JO - Plast. Reconstr. Surg. VL - 134 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: A systematic review was conducted to compare the speech outcomes and fistula rates following repair of the cleft palate with Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty techniques. METHODS: A systematic search of the English literature published in the MEDLINE, Ovid, and Embase electronic databases was performed using the following keywords: "cleft palate," "intravelar veloplasty," "velopharyngeal insufficiency," and "speech outcome." The exclusion criteria were as follows: syndromic patients, no description or poor description of the technique used, data not stratified by cleft palate type, two-stage cleft palate repair, average age at repair younger than 9 months or older than 18 months, and age at the last follow-up younger than 4 years. Statistical analysis was used to compare the rate of secondary operations and the incidence of velopharyngeal insufficiency. RESULTS: Twelve studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. In the isolated cleft palate group, the mean failure rates were 9.7 and 16.5 percent for Furlow double-opposing Z-plasty and straight-line intravelar veloplasty closure, respectively. In the unilateral cleft lip-cleft palate group, the mean failure rates were 11.1 and 17.1 percent for Furlow and straight-line intravelar veloplasty closure, respectively. The difference in the odds of requiring secondary surgery in the straight-line intravelar veloplasty repair group versus the Furlow group was statistically significant (p=0.03) in unilateral cleft lip-cleft palate. CONCLUSION: This systematic review indicated an increased incidence of velopharyngeal insufficiency as revealed by higher odds of secondary operations in the straight-line intravelar veloplasty repair of unilateral cleft lip-cleft palate when compared with Furlow Z-plasty. SN - 1529-4242 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25347635/A_systematic_review_comparing_Furlow_double_opposing_Z_plasty_and_straight_line_intravelar_veloplasty_methods_of_cleft_palate_repair_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=25347635 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -