Influence of oxygen concentration during hypothermic machine perfusion on porcine kidneys from donation after circulatory death.Transplantation 2014; 98(9):944-50T
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) for preservation led to compelling success for outcomes of renal transplantation. Application of different concentrations of oxygen during renal HMP has not been systematically analyzed. This study investigates the aspects of renal function and morphology in dependence of oxygen concentrations during HMP in a porcine donation after circulatory death model.
After 30 min of warm ischemia, porcine kidneys were randomly assigned to preservation for 21 hr by HMP without oxygenation (HMPnoox), oxygenated HMP with air (HMPair), or 100% oxygen (HMPox100%). Afterward, kidneys were reperfused for 2 hr in an ex vivo model for assessment of function and integrity.
Application of HMPox100% led to significantly increased blood flow during reperfusion compared to HMPnoox. Preservation by HMPox100% led to a doubling of creatinine clearance after 90 and 120 min of reperfusion (13.4 and 12.0 mL/min) compared to preservation by HMPnoox (7.3 and 7.7 mL/min; P=0.01). Oxygenated HMP with air led to results between the two other groups. Fractional excretion of sodium demonstrated a strong tendency of higher values after HMPnoox compared to HMPox100% (P=0.096) and HMPair (P=0.09). Analysis of structural integrity during reperfusion demonstrated significantly higher values of lactate dehydrogenase resembling cell damage (P=0.02), higher values of gamma-glutamyl-transferase (gGT) resembling tubulus injury (P=0.048), and more pronounced tubular dilatation (P=0.02) after HMPnoox compared to HMPox100%.
The present study demonstrates that application of HMPox100% for kidneys from donations after circulatory death results in better renal function during early reperfusion compared to HMPnoox.