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EEG theta and beta power spectra in adolescents with ADHD versus adolescents with ASD + ADHD.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015 Aug; 24(8):873-86.EC

Abstract

Attention problems are common in youngsters with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as in adolescents with combined autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and ADHD. However, it is unknown whether there is psychophysiological overlap and/or a difference in electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectra between ADHD and comorbid ASD and ADHD (ASD + ADHD), on and off stimulant medication. To explore potential differences and overlap, measures of theta and beta power in adolescents diagnosed with ADHD (n = 33) versus adolescents with combined ASD + ADHD (n = 20), categorized by stimulant medication use (57 % of the total sample), were compared. EEG measures were acquired in three conditions: (1) resting state, eyes closed (2) resting state, eyes open and (3) during an oddball task. In addition, performance on the d2 attention test was analyzed. Adolescents with ADHD displayed more absolute theta activity than adolescents with ASD + ADHD during the eyes open and task conditions, independent of stimulant medication use. In addition, only the adolescents with ADHD showed an association between diminished attention test performance and increased theta in the eyes open condition. Results of the current study suggest that although there is behavioral overlap between ADHD characteristics in adolescents with ADHD and adolescents with combined ASD + ADHD, the underlying psychophysiological mechanisms may be different. Adolescents with ASD + ADHD exhibited fewer of the EEG physiological signs usually associated with ADHD, although there was an overlap in attentional problems between the groups. This may indicate that treatments developed for ADHD work differently in some adolescents with ASD + ADHD and adolescents with ADHD only.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Scientific Center for Care and Welfare (Tranzo), Tilburg University, PO Box 90153 (T425), 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, marleen.bink@vu.nl.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25374034

Citation

Bink, M, et al. "EEG Theta and Beta Power Spectra in Adolescents With ADHD Versus Adolescents With ASD + ADHD." European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 24, no. 8, 2015, pp. 873-86.
Bink M, van Boxtel GJ, Popma A, et al. EEG theta and beta power spectra in adolescents with ADHD versus adolescents with ASD + ADHD. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015;24(8):873-86.
Bink, M., van Boxtel, G. J., Popma, A., Bongers, I. L., Denissen, A. J., & van Nieuwenhuizen, C. h. (2015). EEG theta and beta power spectra in adolescents with ADHD versus adolescents with ASD + ADHD. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 24(8), 873-86. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-014-0632-x
Bink M, et al. EEG Theta and Beta Power Spectra in Adolescents With ADHD Versus Adolescents With ASD + ADHD. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2015;24(8):873-86. PubMed PMID: 25374034.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - EEG theta and beta power spectra in adolescents with ADHD versus adolescents with ASD + ADHD. AU - Bink,M, AU - van Boxtel,G J M, AU - Popma,A, AU - Bongers,I L, AU - Denissen,A J M, AU - van Nieuwenhuizen,Ch, Y1 - 2014/11/06/ PY - 2013/11/27/received PY - 2014/10/10/accepted PY - 2014/11/7/entrez PY - 2014/11/7/pubmed PY - 2016/2/26/medline SP - 873 EP - 86 JF - European child & adolescent psychiatry JO - Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 24 IS - 8 N2 - Attention problems are common in youngsters with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as in adolescents with combined autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and ADHD. However, it is unknown whether there is psychophysiological overlap and/or a difference in electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectra between ADHD and comorbid ASD and ADHD (ASD + ADHD), on and off stimulant medication. To explore potential differences and overlap, measures of theta and beta power in adolescents diagnosed with ADHD (n = 33) versus adolescents with combined ASD + ADHD (n = 20), categorized by stimulant medication use (57 % of the total sample), were compared. EEG measures were acquired in three conditions: (1) resting state, eyes closed (2) resting state, eyes open and (3) during an oddball task. In addition, performance on the d2 attention test was analyzed. Adolescents with ADHD displayed more absolute theta activity than adolescents with ASD + ADHD during the eyes open and task conditions, independent of stimulant medication use. In addition, only the adolescents with ADHD showed an association between diminished attention test performance and increased theta in the eyes open condition. Results of the current study suggest that although there is behavioral overlap between ADHD characteristics in adolescents with ADHD and adolescents with combined ASD + ADHD, the underlying psychophysiological mechanisms may be different. Adolescents with ASD + ADHD exhibited fewer of the EEG physiological signs usually associated with ADHD, although there was an overlap in attentional problems between the groups. This may indicate that treatments developed for ADHD work differently in some adolescents with ASD + ADHD and adolescents with ADHD only. SN - 1435-165X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25374034/EEG_theta_and_beta_power_spectra_in_adolescents_with_ADHD_versus_adolescents_with_ASD_+_ADHD_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-014-0632-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -