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Geriatric hospitalizations in fall-related injuries.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2014 Nov 12; 22:63.SJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To investigate the injury pattern, severity, and mortality of elderly patients hospitalized for treatment of trauma following fall accidents.

METHODS

Data obtained from the Trauma Registry System were retrospectively reviewed for trauma admissions between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 in a Level I trauma center. Of 16,548 registered patients, detailed information was retrieved from the 2,403 elderly patients (aged 65 years and above) with fall accidents and was compared with information from 1,909 adult patients (aged 20-64) with fall accidents.

RESULTS

Falls presented the major mechanism for admission (59.9%) in the elderly patients. The number of elderly patients who fell from a height <1 m was greater than that of the adult patients (91.9% vs. 62.5%, respectively, p <0.001). The Injury Severity Score (ISS) (9.3 ± 4.4 vs. 8.3 ± 6.1, respectively, p =0.007) and New Injury Severity Score (NISS) (10.3 ± 6.8 vs. 9.5 ± 8.2, respectively, p <0.001) were significantly higher in the elderly than the adult patients. A significantly larger proportion of the elderly patients were admitted to the ICU (16.2% vs. 13.4%, respectively, p =0.009), and the elderly were found to have longer stays in the intensive care unit (ICU) (8.6 days vs. 7.6 days, respectively, p =0.034) but not in the hospital in general (9.6 days vs. 8.5 days, respectively, p =0.183). Additionally, a significantly higher percentage of the elderly patients sustained subdural hematoma (10.1% vs. 8.2%, respectively, p =0.032) and femoral fracture (50.6% vs. 14.1%, respectively, p <0.001). There were significant differences in in-hospital mortality (18.2% vs. 10.3%, respectively, p =0.031) and length of stay in the hospital (11.6 days vs. 14.9 days, respectively, p =0.037) between the elderly and adult patients with subdural hematoma, but not between those with femoral fracture.

CONCLUSIONS

Analysis of the data indicates that elderly patients hospitalized for treatment of trauma following fall accidents present with a bodily injury pattern that differs from that of adult patients and have a higher severe injury score, worse outcome, and higher mortality than those of adult patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurourgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. ersh2127@adm.cgmh.org.tw.Department of Trauma Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, No.123, Ta-Pei Road, Niao-Song District, Kaohsiung City, 833, Taiwan. tslin51@yahoo.com.tw.Department of Anesthesiology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. shaochunwu@gmail.com.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. johnson.c.yang@gmail.com.Department of Trauma Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, No.123, Ta-Pei Road, Niao-Song District, Kaohsiung City, 833, Taiwan. ah.lucy@hotmail.com.Department of Trauma Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, No.123, Ta-Pei Road, Niao-Song District, Kaohsiung City, 833, Taiwan. pecarol@gmail.com.Department of Trauma Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, No.123, Ta-Pei Road, Niao-Song District, Kaohsiung City, 833, Taiwan. m93chinghua@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25388273

Citation

Rau, Cheng-Shyuan, et al. "Geriatric Hospitalizations in Fall-related Injuries." Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, vol. 22, 2014, p. 63.
Rau CS, Lin TS, Wu SC, et al. Geriatric hospitalizations in fall-related injuries. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2014;22:63.
Rau, C. S., Lin, T. S., Wu, S. C., Yang, J. C., Hsu, S. Y., Cho, T. Y., & Hsieh, C. H. (2014). Geriatric hospitalizations in fall-related injuries. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 22, 63. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-014-0063-1
Rau CS, et al. Geriatric Hospitalizations in Fall-related Injuries. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2014 Nov 12;22:63. PubMed PMID: 25388273.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Geriatric hospitalizations in fall-related injuries. AU - Rau,Cheng-Shyuan, AU - Lin,Tsan-Shiun, AU - Wu,Shao-Chun, AU - Yang,Johnson Chia-Shen, AU - Hsu,Shiun-Yuan, AU - Cho,Tzu-Yu, AU - Hsieh,Ching-Hua, Y1 - 2014/11/12/ PY - 2014/08/04/received PY - 2014/10/19/accepted PY - 2014/11/13/entrez PY - 2014/11/13/pubmed PY - 2016/1/13/medline SP - 63 EP - 63 JF - Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine JO - Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med VL - 22 N2 - BACKGROUND: To investigate the injury pattern, severity, and mortality of elderly patients hospitalized for treatment of trauma following fall accidents. METHODS: Data obtained from the Trauma Registry System were retrospectively reviewed for trauma admissions between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 in a Level I trauma center. Of 16,548 registered patients, detailed information was retrieved from the 2,403 elderly patients (aged 65 years and above) with fall accidents and was compared with information from 1,909 adult patients (aged 20-64) with fall accidents. RESULTS: Falls presented the major mechanism for admission (59.9%) in the elderly patients. The number of elderly patients who fell from a height <1 m was greater than that of the adult patients (91.9% vs. 62.5%, respectively, p <0.001). The Injury Severity Score (ISS) (9.3 ± 4.4 vs. 8.3 ± 6.1, respectively, p =0.007) and New Injury Severity Score (NISS) (10.3 ± 6.8 vs. 9.5 ± 8.2, respectively, p <0.001) were significantly higher in the elderly than the adult patients. A significantly larger proportion of the elderly patients were admitted to the ICU (16.2% vs. 13.4%, respectively, p =0.009), and the elderly were found to have longer stays in the intensive care unit (ICU) (8.6 days vs. 7.6 days, respectively, p =0.034) but not in the hospital in general (9.6 days vs. 8.5 days, respectively, p =0.183). Additionally, a significantly higher percentage of the elderly patients sustained subdural hematoma (10.1% vs. 8.2%, respectively, p =0.032) and femoral fracture (50.6% vs. 14.1%, respectively, p <0.001). There were significant differences in in-hospital mortality (18.2% vs. 10.3%, respectively, p =0.031) and length of stay in the hospital (11.6 days vs. 14.9 days, respectively, p =0.037) between the elderly and adult patients with subdural hematoma, but not between those with femoral fracture. CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of the data indicates that elderly patients hospitalized for treatment of trauma following fall accidents present with a bodily injury pattern that differs from that of adult patients and have a higher severe injury score, worse outcome, and higher mortality than those of adult patients. SN - 1757-7241 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25388273/Geriatric_hospitalizations_in_fall_related_injuries_ L2 - https://sjtrem.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13049-014-0063-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -