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Inpatient physicians and nurses with dual diagnosis: an exploratory study.
J Dual Diagn 2014; 10(3):156-61JD

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study explored the clinical features of physicians and nurses with dual diagnosis.

METHODS

We conducted a retrospective review of 150 medical records of physicians (n = 120) and nurses (n = 30) admitted from February 2008 to February 2011 to the Barcelona Psychiatric Inpatient Unit for Health Professionals. Routine intake included the Spanish version of the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM-IV) and a clinical interview.

RESULTS

The mean age of participants was 48.59 (SD = 8.9) years and 57.3% were male. Patients experienced substance dependence with alcohol (n = 112, 74.7%), sedatives (n = 59, 39.3%), cocaine (n = 24, 16%), other stimulants (n = 15, 10%), and opiates other than heroin (n = 16, 10.7%). About 41% (n = 61) also met criteria for a mental health disorder, mainly major depressive disorder (n = 42, 28%), while 8% (n = 12) had attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A high proportion of physicians (n = 95, 79.2%) and nurses (n = 25, 83.3%) had nicotine dependence. The most common comorbidity was alcohol dependence and major depressive disorder. No differences were found between groups in the prevalence of substance use disorders, mental health disorders, and dual diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS

Dual diagnosis is a common condition among inpatient physicians and nurses with substance use disorders and its clinical presentation may be similar in both groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital , CIBERSAM, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25392290

Citation

Comín, Marina, et al. "Inpatient Physicians and Nurses With Dual Diagnosis: an Exploratory Study." Journal of Dual Diagnosis, vol. 10, no. 3, 2014, pp. 156-61.
Comín M, Braquehais MD, Valero S, et al. Inpatient physicians and nurses with dual diagnosis: an exploratory study. J Dual Diagn. 2014;10(3):156-61.
Comín, M., Braquehais, M. D., Valero, S., Bel, M. J., Navarro, M. C., Díaz, A., ... Casas, M. (2014). Inpatient physicians and nurses with dual diagnosis: an exploratory study. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 10(3), pp. 156-61. doi:10.1080/15504263.2014.933031.
Comín M, et al. Inpatient Physicians and Nurses With Dual Diagnosis: an Exploratory Study. J Dual Diagn. 2014;10(3):156-61. PubMed PMID: 25392290.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Inpatient physicians and nurses with dual diagnosis: an exploratory study. AU - Comín,Marina, AU - Braquehais,María Dolores, AU - Valero,Sergi, AU - Bel,Miquel Jordi, AU - Navarro,María Cecilia, AU - Díaz,Albert, AU - Nasillo,Viviana, AU - Padrós,Jaume, AU - Bruguera,Eugeni, AU - Casas,Miquel, PY - 2014/11/14/entrez PY - 2014/11/14/pubmed PY - 2015/7/18/medline KW - dual diagnosis KW - nurses KW - physicians SP - 156 EP - 61 JF - Journal of dual diagnosis JO - J Dual Diagn VL - 10 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study explored the clinical features of physicians and nurses with dual diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 150 medical records of physicians (n = 120) and nurses (n = 30) admitted from February 2008 to February 2011 to the Barcelona Psychiatric Inpatient Unit for Health Professionals. Routine intake included the Spanish version of the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM-IV) and a clinical interview. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 48.59 (SD = 8.9) years and 57.3% were male. Patients experienced substance dependence with alcohol (n = 112, 74.7%), sedatives (n = 59, 39.3%), cocaine (n = 24, 16%), other stimulants (n = 15, 10%), and opiates other than heroin (n = 16, 10.7%). About 41% (n = 61) also met criteria for a mental health disorder, mainly major depressive disorder (n = 42, 28%), while 8% (n = 12) had attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A high proportion of physicians (n = 95, 79.2%) and nurses (n = 25, 83.3%) had nicotine dependence. The most common comorbidity was alcohol dependence and major depressive disorder. No differences were found between groups in the prevalence of substance use disorders, mental health disorders, and dual diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Dual diagnosis is a common condition among inpatient physicians and nurses with substance use disorders and its clinical presentation may be similar in both groups. SN - 1550-4271 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25392290/Inpatient_physicians_and_nurses_with_dual_diagnosis:_an_exploratory_study_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15504263.2014.933031 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -