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Fruits, vegetables, 100% juices, and cognitive function.
Nutr Rev. 2014 Dec; 72(12):774-89.NR

Abstract

Although reviews of the association between polyphenol intake and cognition exist, research examining the cognitive effects of fruit, vegetable, and juice consumption across epidemiological and intervention studies has not been previously examined. For the present review, critical inclusion criteria were human participants, a measure of fruit, vegetable, or 100% juice consumption, an objective measure of cognitive function, and a clinical diagnosis of neuropsychological disease. Studies were excluded if consumption of fruits, vegetables, or juice was not assessed in isolation from other food groups, or if there was no statistical control for education or IQ. Seventeen of 19 epidemiological studies and 3 of 6 intervention studies reported significant benefits of fruit, vegetable, or juice consumption for cognitive performance. The data suggest that chronic consumption of fruits, vegetables, and juices is beneficial for cognition in healthy older adults. The limited data from acute interventions indicate that consumption of fruit juices can have immediate benefits for memory function in adults with mild cognitive impairment; however, as of yet, acute benefits have not been observed in healthy adults. Conclusions regarding an optimum dietary intake for fruits, vegetables, and juices are difficult to quantify because of substantial heterogeneity in the categorization of consumption of these foods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25399992

Citation

Lamport, Daniel J., et al. "Fruits, Vegetables, 100% Juices, and Cognitive Function." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 72, no. 12, 2014, pp. 774-89.
Lamport DJ, Saunders C, Butler LT, et al. Fruits, vegetables, 100% juices, and cognitive function. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(12):774-89.
Lamport, D. J., Saunders, C., Butler, L. T., & Spencer, J. P. (2014). Fruits, vegetables, 100% juices, and cognitive function. Nutrition Reviews, 72(12), 774-89. https://doi.org/10.1111/nure.12149
Lamport DJ, et al. Fruits, Vegetables, 100% Juices, and Cognitive Function. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(12):774-89. PubMed PMID: 25399992.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fruits, vegetables, 100% juices, and cognitive function. AU - Lamport,Daniel J, AU - Saunders,Caroline, AU - Butler,Laurie T, AU - Spencer,Jeremy Pe, Y1 - 2014/11/14/ PY - 2014/11/18/entrez PY - 2014/11/18/pubmed PY - 2015/5/27/medline KW - cognition KW - cognitive function KW - fruit KW - juice KW - vegetable SP - 774 EP - 89 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr Rev VL - 72 IS - 12 N2 - Although reviews of the association between polyphenol intake and cognition exist, research examining the cognitive effects of fruit, vegetable, and juice consumption across epidemiological and intervention studies has not been previously examined. For the present review, critical inclusion criteria were human participants, a measure of fruit, vegetable, or 100% juice consumption, an objective measure of cognitive function, and a clinical diagnosis of neuropsychological disease. Studies were excluded if consumption of fruits, vegetables, or juice was not assessed in isolation from other food groups, or if there was no statistical control for education or IQ. Seventeen of 19 epidemiological studies and 3 of 6 intervention studies reported significant benefits of fruit, vegetable, or juice consumption for cognitive performance. The data suggest that chronic consumption of fruits, vegetables, and juices is beneficial for cognition in healthy older adults. The limited data from acute interventions indicate that consumption of fruit juices can have immediate benefits for memory function in adults with mild cognitive impairment; however, as of yet, acute benefits have not been observed in healthy adults. Conclusions regarding an optimum dietary intake for fruits, vegetables, and juices are difficult to quantify because of substantial heterogeneity in the categorization of consumption of these foods. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25399992/Fruits_vegetables_100_juices_and_cognitive_function_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/nure.12149 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -