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European adolescent ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumers have a healthier dietary intake and body composition compared with non-RTEC consumers.
Eur J Nutr. 2015 Jun; 54(4):653-64.EJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study aims to analyse the association of European adolescents' ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumption frequency with their dietary intake by applying the concept of diet quality index and nutritional status.

METHODS

From the multi-centre European HELENA study, relevant data were available in 1,215 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years). RTEC consumption was identified from a food frequency questionnaire. A diet quality index, daily nutrient intakes and daily milk/yoghurt and fruit intake were calculated from two 24-h dietary recalls. BMI, waist and hip circumference and body fat were measured for body composition. Cross-sectional regression analyses were adjusted for sex, age, socio-economic status, city and breakfast skipping. Differences in sub-regions within Europe were explored.

RESULTS

RTEC consumers showed a more favourable daily micronutrient intake (vitamin B2, B5, B7, D, calcium, phosphorus and potassium), a better diet quality index, more frequent fruit (57 vs. 51%) and milk/yoghurt consumption (81.2 vs. 56%) and less breakfast skipping (25.1 vs. 36.7%). No differences in energy and macronutrient intake were observed. Daily RTEC consumers were 57% less likely to be overweight than RTEC non-consumers but did not differ in glucose and lipid status (N = 387).

CONCLUSION

This is the first comprehensive pan-European survey elucidating socio-demographic determinants of European adolescents' RTEC consumption and indicating better dietary habits in RTEC consumers. The improved dietary profile was reflected in a more beneficial body composition. Our results have also shown the advantage of using an all-integrating diet quality index by capturing the diet complexity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185 - 4K3, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, Nathalie.michels@ugent.be.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25403942

Citation

Michels, Nathalie, et al. "European Adolescent Ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) Consumers Have a Healthier Dietary Intake and Body Composition Compared With non-RTEC Consumers." European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 4, 2015, pp. 653-64.
Michels N, De Henauw S, Breidenassel C, et al. European adolescent ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumers have a healthier dietary intake and body composition compared with non-RTEC consumers. Eur J Nutr. 2015;54(4):653-64.
Michels, N., De Henauw, S., Breidenassel, C., Censi, L., Cuenca-García, M., Cuenca-Garcí, M., Gonzalez-Gross, M., Gottrand, F., Hallstrom, L., Kafatos, A., Kersting, M., Manios, Y., Marcos, A., Molnar, D., Moreno, L. A., Plada, M., Sjostrom, M., Reye, B., Thielecke, F., ... Claessens, M. (2015). European adolescent ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumers have a healthier dietary intake and body composition compared with non-RTEC consumers. European Journal of Nutrition, 54(4), 653-64. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-014-0805-x
Michels N, et al. European Adolescent Ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) Consumers Have a Healthier Dietary Intake and Body Composition Compared With non-RTEC Consumers. Eur J Nutr. 2015;54(4):653-64. PubMed PMID: 25403942.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - European adolescent ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumers have a healthier dietary intake and body composition compared with non-RTEC consumers. AU - Michels,Nathalie, AU - De Henauw,Stefaan, AU - Breidenassel,Christina, AU - Censi,Laura, AU - Cuenca-García,Magdalena, AU - Cuenca-Garcí,Magdalena, AU - Gonzalez-Gross,Marcela, AU - Gottrand,Frederic, AU - Hallstrom,Lena, AU - Kafatos,Anthony, AU - Kersting,Mathilde, AU - Manios,Yannis, AU - Marcos,Ascension, AU - Molnar,Denes, AU - Moreno,Luis A, AU - Plada,Maria, AU - Sjostrom,Michael, AU - Reye,Béatrice, AU - Thielecke,Frank, AU - Valtueña,Jara, AU - Widhalm,Kurt, AU - Claessens,Mandy, Y1 - 2014/11/18/ PY - 2014/09/25/received PY - 2014/11/11/accepted PY - 2014/11/19/entrez PY - 2014/11/19/pubmed PY - 2016/2/26/medline SP - 653 EP - 64 JF - European journal of nutrition JO - Eur J Nutr VL - 54 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: This study aims to analyse the association of European adolescents' ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumption frequency with their dietary intake by applying the concept of diet quality index and nutritional status. METHODS: From the multi-centre European HELENA study, relevant data were available in 1,215 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years). RTEC consumption was identified from a food frequency questionnaire. A diet quality index, daily nutrient intakes and daily milk/yoghurt and fruit intake were calculated from two 24-h dietary recalls. BMI, waist and hip circumference and body fat were measured for body composition. Cross-sectional regression analyses were adjusted for sex, age, socio-economic status, city and breakfast skipping. Differences in sub-regions within Europe were explored. RESULTS: RTEC consumers showed a more favourable daily micronutrient intake (vitamin B2, B5, B7, D, calcium, phosphorus and potassium), a better diet quality index, more frequent fruit (57 vs. 51%) and milk/yoghurt consumption (81.2 vs. 56%) and less breakfast skipping (25.1 vs. 36.7%). No differences in energy and macronutrient intake were observed. Daily RTEC consumers were 57% less likely to be overweight than RTEC non-consumers but did not differ in glucose and lipid status (N = 387). CONCLUSION: This is the first comprehensive pan-European survey elucidating socio-demographic determinants of European adolescents' RTEC consumption and indicating better dietary habits in RTEC consumers. The improved dietary profile was reflected in a more beneficial body composition. Our results have also shown the advantage of using an all-integrating diet quality index by capturing the diet complexity. SN - 1436-6215 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25403942/European_adolescent_ready_to_eat_cereal__RTEC__consumers_have_a_healthier_dietary_intake_and_body_composition_compared_with_non_RTEC_consumers_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-014-0805-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -