Palladium(II)-catalyzed oxidative dearomatization of free naphthols with two alkyne units.Org Lett. 2014 Dec 05; 16(23):6132-5.OL
Readily available 2-naphthols undergo [2 + 2 + 1] spiroannulation reactions with alkynes in the presence of a Pd(II) catalyst and an oxidant. This process relies on C-H functionalization and naphthyl ring dearomatization at the 1-position of 2-naphthols to provide a variety of spirocyclic compounds. Using alkyl-aryl alkynes as the coupling partners led to regioisomeric mixtures in favor of the head-to-tail isomer bearing a quaternary carbon stereocenter.