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Food groups and the risk of colorectal cancer: results from a Jordanian case-control study.
Eur J Cancer Prev. 2015 Jul; 24(4):313-20.EJ

Abstract

The role of diet in colorectal cancer (CRC) in Jordan has not been studied previously. This study aimed at examining the association between food groups (including grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, and meat and legumes) and CRC risk in Jordan. We compared intakes of the different food groups among CRC patients (n=167) and matched controls (n=240) by age, sex, occupation, and marital status. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to collect dietary data. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of quartiles of intakes of the different food groups with CRC risk. In addition, the association of selected food items with CRC risk was examined. Odds ratios (ORs) for the fourth versus the first quartile of intake were 2.92 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.40-6.08] for grains, 1.66 (95% CI: 0.81-3.40) for vegetables, 0.55 (95% CI: 0.26-1.16) for fruits, 0.96 (95% CI: 0.46-1.97) for milk, and 1.43 (95% CI: 0.68-2.98) for meat and legumes. In a comparison of the highest with the lowest weekly frequency of consumption, there was a direct association between the risk of CRC and the frequency of consumption of chicken (OR=2.52, 95% CI: 1.33-4.77). An increase in risk was observed with increased consumption of white bread (OR=3.13, 95% CI: 1.18-9.25), whereas consumption of whole bread was associated with a decreased risk for CRC (OR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.12-0.84). Our results support a role of diet in CRC. Direct associations were found for grains, white bread, and chicken, whereas an inverse relation was reported for whole bread.

Authors+Show Affiliations

aDepartment of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, The Hashemite University, Jordan bHealth Sciences Department, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Qatar cJordan University of Science and Technology, General and Colorectal Surgery dGastroenterology Division, King Hussein Cancer Center eFaculty of Medicine, Hashemite University fGastroenterology Division, Prince Hamza Hospital, Jordan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25415835

Citation

Abu Mweis, Suhad S., et al. "Food Groups and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer: Results From a Jordanian Case-control Study." European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), vol. 24, no. 4, 2015, pp. 313-20.
Abu Mweis SS, Tayyem RF, Shehadah I, et al. Food groups and the risk of colorectal cancer: results from a Jordanian case-control study. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2015;24(4):313-20.
Abu Mweis, S. S., Tayyem, R. F., Shehadah, I., Bawadi, H. A., Agraib, L. M., Bani-Hani, K. E., Al-Jaberi, T., & Al-Nusairr, M. (2015). Food groups and the risk of colorectal cancer: results from a Jordanian case-control study. European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 24(4), 313-20. https://doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000089
Abu Mweis SS, et al. Food Groups and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer: Results From a Jordanian Case-control Study. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2015;24(4):313-20. PubMed PMID: 25415835.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food groups and the risk of colorectal cancer: results from a Jordanian case-control study. AU - Abu Mweis,Suhad S, AU - Tayyem,Reema F, AU - Shehadah,Ihab, AU - Bawadi,Hiba A, AU - Agraib,Lana M, AU - Bani-Hani,Kamal E, AU - Al-Jaberi,Tareq, AU - Al-Nusairr,Majed, PY - 2014/11/22/entrez PY - 2014/11/22/pubmed PY - 2016/2/20/medline SP - 313 EP - 20 JF - European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) JO - Eur. J. Cancer Prev. VL - 24 IS - 4 N2 - The role of diet in colorectal cancer (CRC) in Jordan has not been studied previously. This study aimed at examining the association between food groups (including grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, and meat and legumes) and CRC risk in Jordan. We compared intakes of the different food groups among CRC patients (n=167) and matched controls (n=240) by age, sex, occupation, and marital status. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to collect dietary data. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of quartiles of intakes of the different food groups with CRC risk. In addition, the association of selected food items with CRC risk was examined. Odds ratios (ORs) for the fourth versus the first quartile of intake were 2.92 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.40-6.08] for grains, 1.66 (95% CI: 0.81-3.40) for vegetables, 0.55 (95% CI: 0.26-1.16) for fruits, 0.96 (95% CI: 0.46-1.97) for milk, and 1.43 (95% CI: 0.68-2.98) for meat and legumes. In a comparison of the highest with the lowest weekly frequency of consumption, there was a direct association between the risk of CRC and the frequency of consumption of chicken (OR=2.52, 95% CI: 1.33-4.77). An increase in risk was observed with increased consumption of white bread (OR=3.13, 95% CI: 1.18-9.25), whereas consumption of whole bread was associated with a decreased risk for CRC (OR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.12-0.84). Our results support a role of diet in CRC. Direct associations were found for grains, white bread, and chicken, whereas an inverse relation was reported for whole bread. SN - 1473-5709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25415835/Food_groups_and_the_risk_of_colorectal_cancer:_results_from_a_Jordanian_case_control_study_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000089 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -