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Altered white matter microstructure is associated with social cognition and psychotic symptoms in 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome.
Front Behav Neurosci 2014; 8:393FB

Abstract

22q11.2 Microdeletion Syndrome (22q11DS) is a highly penetrant genetic mutation associated with a significantly increased risk for psychosis. Aberrant neurodevelopment may lead to inappropriate neural circuit formation and cerebral dysconnectivity in 22q11DS, which may contribute to symptom development. Here we examined: (1) differences between 22q11DS participants and typically developing controls in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures within white matter tracts; (2) whether there is an altered age-related trajectory of white matter pathways in 22q11DS; and (3) relationships between DTI measures, social cognition task performance, and positive symptoms of psychosis in 22q11DS and typically developing controls. Sixty-four direction diffusion weighted imaging data were acquired on 65 participants (36 22q11DS, 29 controls). We examined differences between 22q11DS vs. controls in measures of fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD), using both a voxel-based and region of interest approach. Social cognition domains assessed were: Theory of Mind and emotion recognition. Positive symptoms were assessed using the Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes. Compared to typically developing controls, 22q11DS participants showed significantly lower AD and RD in multiple white matter tracts, with effects of greatest magnitude for AD in the superior longitudinal fasciculus. Additionally, 22q11DS participants failed to show typical age-associated changes in FA and RD in the left inferior longitudinal fasciculus. Higher AD in the left inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFO) and left uncinate fasciculus was associated with better social cognition in 22q11DS and controls. In contrast, greater severity of positive symptoms was associated with lower AD in bilateral regions of the IFO in 22q11DS. White matter microstructure in tracts relevant to social cognition is disrupted in 22q11DS, and may contribute to psychosis risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, USA.Imaging Genetics Center, Institute for Neuroimaging and Informatics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Marina del Rey, CA, USA.Center for Psychiatric Neuroscience, The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research Manhasset, NY, USA ; Division of Psychiatric Research, Zucker Hillside Hospital Glen Oaks, NY, USA ; Psychiatry, Hofstra Northshore-LIJ School of Medicine Hempstead, NY, USA.Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, USA.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, USA.Imaging Genetics Center, Institute for Neuroimaging and Informatics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Marina del Rey, CA, USA.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Department of Psychology, University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25426042

Citation

Jalbrzikowski, Maria, et al. "Altered White Matter Microstructure Is Associated With Social Cognition and Psychotic Symptoms in 22q11.2 Microdeletion Syndrome." Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, vol. 8, 2014, p. 393.
Jalbrzikowski M, Villalon-Reina JE, Karlsgodt KH, et al. Altered white matter microstructure is associated with social cognition and psychotic symptoms in 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome. Front Behav Neurosci. 2014;8:393.
Jalbrzikowski, M., Villalon-Reina, J. E., Karlsgodt, K. H., Senturk, D., Chow, C., Thompson, P. M., & Bearden, C. E. (2014). Altered white matter microstructure is associated with social cognition and psychotic symptoms in 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 8, p. 393. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00393.
Jalbrzikowski M, et al. Altered White Matter Microstructure Is Associated With Social Cognition and Psychotic Symptoms in 22q11.2 Microdeletion Syndrome. Front Behav Neurosci. 2014;8:393. PubMed PMID: 25426042.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Altered white matter microstructure is associated with social cognition and psychotic symptoms in 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome. AU - Jalbrzikowski,Maria, AU - Villalon-Reina,Julio E, AU - Karlsgodt,Katherine H, AU - Senturk,Damla, AU - Chow,Carolyn, AU - Thompson,Paul M, AU - Bearden,Carrie E, Y1 - 2014/11/11/ PY - 2014/07/16/received PY - 2014/10/22/accepted PY - 2014/11/27/entrez PY - 2014/11/27/pubmed PY - 2014/11/27/medline KW - DTI KW - axial diffusivity KW - prodromal KW - psychosis KW - radial diffusivity KW - schizophrenia KW - theory of mind KW - velocardiofacial syndrome SP - 393 EP - 393 JF - Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience JO - Front Behav Neurosci VL - 8 N2 - 22q11.2 Microdeletion Syndrome (22q11DS) is a highly penetrant genetic mutation associated with a significantly increased risk for psychosis. Aberrant neurodevelopment may lead to inappropriate neural circuit formation and cerebral dysconnectivity in 22q11DS, which may contribute to symptom development. Here we examined: (1) differences between 22q11DS participants and typically developing controls in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures within white matter tracts; (2) whether there is an altered age-related trajectory of white matter pathways in 22q11DS; and (3) relationships between DTI measures, social cognition task performance, and positive symptoms of psychosis in 22q11DS and typically developing controls. Sixty-four direction diffusion weighted imaging data were acquired on 65 participants (36 22q11DS, 29 controls). We examined differences between 22q11DS vs. controls in measures of fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD), using both a voxel-based and region of interest approach. Social cognition domains assessed were: Theory of Mind and emotion recognition. Positive symptoms were assessed using the Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes. Compared to typically developing controls, 22q11DS participants showed significantly lower AD and RD in multiple white matter tracts, with effects of greatest magnitude for AD in the superior longitudinal fasciculus. Additionally, 22q11DS participants failed to show typical age-associated changes in FA and RD in the left inferior longitudinal fasciculus. Higher AD in the left inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFO) and left uncinate fasciculus was associated with better social cognition in 22q11DS and controls. In contrast, greater severity of positive symptoms was associated with lower AD in bilateral regions of the IFO in 22q11DS. White matter microstructure in tracts relevant to social cognition is disrupted in 22q11DS, and may contribute to psychosis risk. SN - 1662-5153 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25426042/Altered_white_matter_microstructure_is_associated_with_social_cognition_and_psychotic_symptoms_in_22q11_2_microdeletion_syndrome_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00393 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -