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A nationwide cohort study suggests chronic hepatitis B virus infection increases the risk of end-stage renal disease among patients in Taiwan.
Kidney Int 2015; 87(5):1030-8KI

Abstract

The association of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is unclear. To help clarify this we conducted a nationwide cohort study to measure the association by analyzing the claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with ICD-9 codes used to identify diseases. We identified 17,758 adults who had chronic HBV infection and had not taken nucleos(t)ide analogs from 1999 to 2010 and randomly selected 71,032 matched controls without HBV in the same data set. The risk of ESRD was compared between these two cohorts. Cumulative incidences and hazard ratios were calculated after adjusting for competing mortality. The risk of ESRD was significantly higher in the HBV cohort (12-year cumulative incidence, 1.9%) than in the non-HBV cohort (0.49%) with a significant adjusted hazard ratio of 3.85. Multivariable stratified analysis further verified significant associations of ESRD with HBV in men of any age and women under the age of 60 years, but no significant association in women aged ⩾60 years. Thus, a large national cohort study indicates that untreated chronic HBV infection is associated with increased risk of ESRD. Hence, high-risk HBV-infected patients should have targeted monitoring for the development of ESRD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1] Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan [2] School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.1] School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan [2] Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan.1] Department and Graduate Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Hung University, Tainan, Taiwan [2] Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Medical Research, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan.1] School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan [2] Department of Radiation Oncology, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25426815

Citation

Chen, Yi-Chun, et al. "A Nationwide Cohort Study Suggests Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection Increases the Risk of End-stage Renal Disease Among Patients in Taiwan." Kidney International, vol. 87, no. 5, 2015, pp. 1030-8.
Chen YC, Su YC, Li CY, et al. A nationwide cohort study suggests chronic hepatitis B virus infection increases the risk of end-stage renal disease among patients in Taiwan. Kidney Int. 2015;87(5):1030-8.
Chen, Y. C., Su, Y. C., Li, C. Y., Wu, C. P., & Lee, M. S. (2015). A nationwide cohort study suggests chronic hepatitis B virus infection increases the risk of end-stage renal disease among patients in Taiwan. Kidney International, 87(5), pp. 1030-8. doi:10.1038/ki.2014.363.
Chen YC, et al. A Nationwide Cohort Study Suggests Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection Increases the Risk of End-stage Renal Disease Among Patients in Taiwan. Kidney Int. 2015;87(5):1030-8. PubMed PMID: 25426815.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A nationwide cohort study suggests chronic hepatitis B virus infection increases the risk of end-stage renal disease among patients in Taiwan. AU - Chen,Yi-Chun, AU - Su,Yu-Chieh, AU - Li,Chung-Yi, AU - Wu,Chia-Pin, AU - Lee,Moon-Sing, Y1 - 2014/11/26/ PY - 2014/05/22/received PY - 2014/08/25/revised PY - 2014/09/11/accepted PY - 2014/11/27/entrez PY - 2014/11/27/pubmed PY - 2016/2/24/medline SP - 1030 EP - 8 JF - Kidney international JO - Kidney Int. VL - 87 IS - 5 N2 - The association of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is unclear. To help clarify this we conducted a nationwide cohort study to measure the association by analyzing the claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with ICD-9 codes used to identify diseases. We identified 17,758 adults who had chronic HBV infection and had not taken nucleos(t)ide analogs from 1999 to 2010 and randomly selected 71,032 matched controls without HBV in the same data set. The risk of ESRD was compared between these two cohorts. Cumulative incidences and hazard ratios were calculated after adjusting for competing mortality. The risk of ESRD was significantly higher in the HBV cohort (12-year cumulative incidence, 1.9%) than in the non-HBV cohort (0.49%) with a significant adjusted hazard ratio of 3.85. Multivariable stratified analysis further verified significant associations of ESRD with HBV in men of any age and women under the age of 60 years, but no significant association in women aged ⩾60 years. Thus, a large national cohort study indicates that untreated chronic HBV infection is associated with increased risk of ESRD. Hence, high-risk HBV-infected patients should have targeted monitoring for the development of ESRD. SN - 1523-1755 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25426815/A_nationwide_cohort_study_suggests_chronic_hepatitis_B_virus_infection_increases_the_risk_of_end_stage_renal_disease_among_patients_in_Taiwan_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0085-2538(15)30091-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -