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Permian-Triassic Osteichthyes (bony fishes): diversity dynamics and body size evolution.
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2016 Feb; 91(1):106-47.BR

Abstract

The Permian and Triassic were key time intervals in the history of life on Earth. Both periods are marked by a series of biotic crises including the most catastrophic of such events, the end-Permian mass extinction, which eventually led to a major turnover from typical Palaeozoic faunas and floras to those that are emblematic for the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Here we review patterns in Permian-Triassic bony fishes, a group whose evolutionary dynamics are understudied. Based on data from primary literature, we analyse changes in their taxonomic diversity and body size (as a proxy for trophic position) and explore their response to Permian-Triassic events. Diversity and body size are investigated separately for different groups of Osteichthyes (Dipnoi, Actinistia, 'Palaeopterygii', 'Subholostei', Holostei, Teleosteomorpha), within the marine and freshwater realms and on a global scale (total diversity) as well as across palaeolatitudinal belts. Diversity is also measured for different palaeogeographical provinces. Our results suggest a general trend from low osteichthyan diversity in the Permian to higher levels in the Triassic. Diversity dynamics in the Permian are marked by a decline in freshwater taxa during the Cisuralian. An extinction event during the end-Guadalupian crisis is not evident from our data, but 'palaeopterygians' experienced a significant body size increase across the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary and these fishes upheld their position as large, top predators from the Late Permian to the Late Triassic. Elevated turnover rates are documented at the Permian-Triassic boundary, and two distinct diversification events are noted in the wake of this biotic crisis, a first one during the Early Triassic (dipnoans, actinistians, 'palaeopterygians', 'subholosteans') and a second one during the Middle Triassic ('subholosteans', neopterygians). The origination of new, small taxa predominantly among these groups during the Middle Triassic event caused a significant reduction in osteichthyan body size. Neopterygii, the clade that encompasses the vast majority of extant fishes, underwent another diversification phase in the Late Triassic. The Triassic radiation of Osteichthyes, predominantly of Actinopterygii, which only occurred after severe extinctions among Chondrichthyes during the Middle-Late Permian, resulted in a profound change within global fish communities, from chondrichthyan-rich faunas of the Permo-Carboniferous to typical Mesozoic and Cenozoic associations dominated by actinopterygians. This turnover was not sudden but followed a stepwise pattern, with leaps during extinction events.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Palaeontological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Karl Schmid-Strasse 4, 8006, Zurich, Switzerland.School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (Faculty of Science and Technology), Plymouth University, Fitzroy Building, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, U.K.Department of Palaeontology, Geological Institute, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Bernhard-von-Cotta-Strasse 2, 09596, Freiberg, Germany.UMR CNRS 6282 Biogéosciences, Université de Bourgogne, 6 Boulevard Gabriel, F-21000, Dijon, France.Department of Historic Geology and Palaeontology, Saratov State University, 83 Astrakhanskaya Street, Saratov, 410012, Russia.Palaeontological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Karl Schmid-Strasse 4, 8006, Zurich, Switzerland.Palaeontological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Karl Schmid-Strasse 4, 8006, Zurich, Switzerland. Department of Earth Sciences, ETH Zurich, Sonneggstrasse 5, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland.Department of Palaeontology, University of Vienna, Geozentrum, Althanstrasse 14, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25431138

Citation

Romano, Carlo, et al. "Permian-Triassic Osteichthyes (bony Fishes): Diversity Dynamics and Body Size Evolution." Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, vol. 91, no. 1, 2016, pp. 106-47.
Romano C, Koot MB, Kogan I, et al. Permian-Triassic Osteichthyes (bony fishes): diversity dynamics and body size evolution. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2016;91(1):106-47.
Romano, C., Koot, M. B., Kogan, I., Brayard, A., Minikh, A. V., Brinkmann, W., Bucher, H., & Kriwet, J. (2016). Permian-Triassic Osteichthyes (bony fishes): diversity dynamics and body size evolution. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 91(1), 106-47. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12161
Romano C, et al. Permian-Triassic Osteichthyes (bony Fishes): Diversity Dynamics and Body Size Evolution. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2016;91(1):106-47. PubMed PMID: 25431138.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Permian-Triassic Osteichthyes (bony fishes): diversity dynamics and body size evolution. AU - Romano,Carlo, AU - Koot,Martha B, AU - Kogan,Ilja, AU - Brayard,Arnaud, AU - Minikh,Alla V, AU - Brinkmann,Winand, AU - Bucher,Hugo, AU - Kriwet,Jürgen, Y1 - 2014/11/27/ PY - 2014/03/25/received PY - 2014/10/14/revised PY - 2014/10/22/accepted PY - 2014/11/29/entrez PY - 2014/11/29/pubmed PY - 2017/1/10/medline KW - Actinistia KW - Actinopterygii KW - Dipnoi KW - Osteichthyes KW - Permian-Triassic boundary KW - biotic recovery KW - body size KW - diversity KW - mass extinction SP - 106 EP - 47 JF - Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society JO - Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc VL - 91 IS - 1 N2 - The Permian and Triassic were key time intervals in the history of life on Earth. Both periods are marked by a series of biotic crises including the most catastrophic of such events, the end-Permian mass extinction, which eventually led to a major turnover from typical Palaeozoic faunas and floras to those that are emblematic for the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Here we review patterns in Permian-Triassic bony fishes, a group whose evolutionary dynamics are understudied. Based on data from primary literature, we analyse changes in their taxonomic diversity and body size (as a proxy for trophic position) and explore their response to Permian-Triassic events. Diversity and body size are investigated separately for different groups of Osteichthyes (Dipnoi, Actinistia, 'Palaeopterygii', 'Subholostei', Holostei, Teleosteomorpha), within the marine and freshwater realms and on a global scale (total diversity) as well as across palaeolatitudinal belts. Diversity is also measured for different palaeogeographical provinces. Our results suggest a general trend from low osteichthyan diversity in the Permian to higher levels in the Triassic. Diversity dynamics in the Permian are marked by a decline in freshwater taxa during the Cisuralian. An extinction event during the end-Guadalupian crisis is not evident from our data, but 'palaeopterygians' experienced a significant body size increase across the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary and these fishes upheld their position as large, top predators from the Late Permian to the Late Triassic. Elevated turnover rates are documented at the Permian-Triassic boundary, and two distinct diversification events are noted in the wake of this biotic crisis, a first one during the Early Triassic (dipnoans, actinistians, 'palaeopterygians', 'subholosteans') and a second one during the Middle Triassic ('subholosteans', neopterygians). The origination of new, small taxa predominantly among these groups during the Middle Triassic event caused a significant reduction in osteichthyan body size. Neopterygii, the clade that encompasses the vast majority of extant fishes, underwent another diversification phase in the Late Triassic. The Triassic radiation of Osteichthyes, predominantly of Actinopterygii, which only occurred after severe extinctions among Chondrichthyes during the Middle-Late Permian, resulted in a profound change within global fish communities, from chondrichthyan-rich faunas of the Permo-Carboniferous to typical Mesozoic and Cenozoic associations dominated by actinopterygians. This turnover was not sudden but followed a stepwise pattern, with leaps during extinction events. SN - 1469-185X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25431138/Permian_Triassic_Osteichthyes__bony_fishes_:_diversity_dynamics_and_body_size_evolution_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12161 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -