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Associations between urinary phenol and paraben concentrations and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation among pregnant women in Puerto Rico.
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2015 Mar; 218(2):212-9.IJ

Abstract

Phenols and parabens are used in a multitude of consumer products resulting in ubiquitous human exposure. Animal and in vitro studies suggest that exposure to these compounds may be related to a number of adverse health outcomes, as well as potential mediators such as oxidative stress and inflammation. We examined urinary phenol (bisphenol A (BPA), triclosan (TCS), benzophenone-3 (BP-3), 2,4-dichlorophenol (24-DCP), 2,5-dichlorophenol (25-DCP)) and paraben (butyl paraben (B-PB), methyl paraben (M-PB), propyl paraben (P-PB)) concentrations measured three times during pregnancy in relation to markers of oxidative stress and inflammation among participants in the Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats (PROTECT) project. Serum markers of inflammation (c-reactive protein (CRP), IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)) were measured twice during pregnancy (n=105 subjects, 187 measurements) and urinary markers of oxidative stress (8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (OHdG) and isoprostane) were measured three times during pregnancy (n=54 subjects, 146 measurements). We used linear mixed models to assess relationships between natural log-transformed exposure and outcome biomarkers while accounting for within individual correlation across study visits. After adjustment for urinary specific gravity, study visit, maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, and maternal education, an interquartile range (IQR) increase in urinary BPA was associated with 21% higher OHdG (p=0.001) and 29% higher isoprostane (p=0.0002), indicating increased oxidative stress. The adjusted increase in isoprostane per IQR increase in marker of exposure was 17% for BP-3, 27% for B-PB, and 20% for P-PB (all p<0.05). An IQR increase in triclosan (TCS) was associated with 31% higher serum concentrations of IL-6 (p=0.007), a pro-inflammatory cytokine. In contrast, IQR increases in BP-3 and B-PB were significantly associated with 16% and 18% lower CRP, a measure of systemic inflammation. Our findings suggest that exposure to BPA, select parabens, and TCS during pregnancy may be related to oxidative stress and inflammation, potential mechanisms by which exposure to these compounds may influence birth outcomes and other adverse health effects, but additional research is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.University of Puerto Rico Graduate School of Public Health, UPR Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR, United States.College of Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States.University of Puerto Rico Graduate School of Public Health, UPR Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR, United States.Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, United States. Electronic address: meekerj@umich.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25435060

Citation

Watkins, Deborah J., et al. "Associations Between Urinary Phenol and Paraben Concentrations and Markers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Among Pregnant Women in Puerto Rico." International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, vol. 218, no. 2, 2015, pp. 212-9.
Watkins DJ, Ferguson KK, Anzalota Del Toro LV, et al. Associations between urinary phenol and paraben concentrations and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation among pregnant women in Puerto Rico. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2015;218(2):212-9.
Watkins, D. J., Ferguson, K. K., Anzalota Del Toro, L. V., Alshawabkeh, A. N., Cordero, J. F., & Meeker, J. D. (2015). Associations between urinary phenol and paraben concentrations and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation among pregnant women in Puerto Rico. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 218(2), 212-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2014.11.001
Watkins DJ, et al. Associations Between Urinary Phenol and Paraben Concentrations and Markers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Among Pregnant Women in Puerto Rico. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2015;218(2):212-9. PubMed PMID: 25435060.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between urinary phenol and paraben concentrations and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation among pregnant women in Puerto Rico. AU - Watkins,Deborah J, AU - Ferguson,Kelly K, AU - Anzalota Del Toro,Liza V, AU - Alshawabkeh,Akram N, AU - Cordero,José F, AU - Meeker,John D, Y1 - 2014/11/18/ PY - 2014/07/28/received PY - 2014/10/15/revised PY - 2014/11/11/accepted PY - 2014/12/2/entrez PY - 2014/12/2/pubmed PY - 2015/9/29/medline KW - Bisphenol A KW - Inflammation KW - Oxidative stress KW - Parabens KW - Phenols SP - 212 EP - 9 JF - International journal of hygiene and environmental health JO - Int J Hyg Environ Health VL - 218 IS - 2 N2 - Phenols and parabens are used in a multitude of consumer products resulting in ubiquitous human exposure. Animal and in vitro studies suggest that exposure to these compounds may be related to a number of adverse health outcomes, as well as potential mediators such as oxidative stress and inflammation. We examined urinary phenol (bisphenol A (BPA), triclosan (TCS), benzophenone-3 (BP-3), 2,4-dichlorophenol (24-DCP), 2,5-dichlorophenol (25-DCP)) and paraben (butyl paraben (B-PB), methyl paraben (M-PB), propyl paraben (P-PB)) concentrations measured three times during pregnancy in relation to markers of oxidative stress and inflammation among participants in the Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats (PROTECT) project. Serum markers of inflammation (c-reactive protein (CRP), IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)) were measured twice during pregnancy (n=105 subjects, 187 measurements) and urinary markers of oxidative stress (8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (OHdG) and isoprostane) were measured three times during pregnancy (n=54 subjects, 146 measurements). We used linear mixed models to assess relationships between natural log-transformed exposure and outcome biomarkers while accounting for within individual correlation across study visits. After adjustment for urinary specific gravity, study visit, maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, and maternal education, an interquartile range (IQR) increase in urinary BPA was associated with 21% higher OHdG (p=0.001) and 29% higher isoprostane (p=0.0002), indicating increased oxidative stress. The adjusted increase in isoprostane per IQR increase in marker of exposure was 17% for BP-3, 27% for B-PB, and 20% for P-PB (all p<0.05). An IQR increase in triclosan (TCS) was associated with 31% higher serum concentrations of IL-6 (p=0.007), a pro-inflammatory cytokine. In contrast, IQR increases in BP-3 and B-PB were significantly associated with 16% and 18% lower CRP, a measure of systemic inflammation. Our findings suggest that exposure to BPA, select parabens, and TCS during pregnancy may be related to oxidative stress and inflammation, potential mechanisms by which exposure to these compounds may influence birth outcomes and other adverse health effects, but additional research is needed. SN - 1618-131X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25435060/Associations_between_urinary_phenol_and_paraben_concentrations_and_markers_of_oxidative_stress_and_inflammation_among_pregnant_women_in_Puerto_Rico_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1438-4639(14)00114-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -