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How we eat what we eat: identifying meal routines and practices most strongly associated with healthy and unhealthy dietary factors among young adults.
Public Health Nutr. 2015 Aug; 18(12):2135-45.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

(i) To examine associations between young adults' meal routines and practices (e.g. food preparation, meal skipping, eating on the run) and key dietary indicators (fruit/vegetable, fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage intakes) and (ii) to develop indices of protective and risky meal practices most strongly associated with diet.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey.

SETTING

Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area, Minnesota (USA).

SUBJECTS

A diverse sample of community college and public university students (n 1013).

RESULTS

Meal routines and practices most strongly associated with healthy dietary patterns were related to home food preparation (i.e. preparing meals at home, preparing meals with vegetables) and meal regularity (i.e. routine consumption of evening meals and breakfast). In contrast, factors most strongly associated with poor dietary patterns included eating on the run, using media while eating and purchasing foods/beverages on campus. A Protective Factors Index, summing selected protective meal routines and practices, was positively associated with fruit/vegetable consumption and negatively associated with fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (P<0·001). A Risky Factors Index yielded significant, positive associations with fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (P<0·001). The probability test for the association between the Risky Factors Index and fruit/vegetable intake was P=0·05.

CONCLUSIONS

Meal routines and practices were significantly associated with young adults' dietary patterns, suggesting that ways in which individuals structure mealtimes and contextual characteristics of eating likely influence food choice. Thus, in addition to considering specific food choices, it also may be important to consider the context of mealtimes in developing dietary messaging and guidelines.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,University of Minnesota,1300 South Second Street,Suite 300,Minneapolis,MN 55454,USA.1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,University of Minnesota,1300 South Second Street,Suite 300,Minneapolis,MN 55454,USA.3Boynton Health Service,University of Minnesota,Minneapolis,MN,USA.1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,University of Minnesota,1300 South Second Street,Suite 300,Minneapolis,MN 55454,USA.1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,University of Minnesota,1300 South Second Street,Suite 300,Minneapolis,MN 55454,USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25439511

Citation

Laska, Melissa N., et al. "How We Eat what We Eat: Identifying Meal Routines and Practices Most Strongly Associated With Healthy and Unhealthy Dietary Factors Among Young Adults." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 12, 2015, pp. 2135-45.
Laska MN, Hearst MO, Lust K, et al. How we eat what we eat: identifying meal routines and practices most strongly associated with healthy and unhealthy dietary factors among young adults. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(12):2135-45.
Laska, M. N., Hearst, M. O., Lust, K., Lytle, L. A., & Story, M. (2015). How we eat what we eat: identifying meal routines and practices most strongly associated with healthy and unhealthy dietary factors among young adults. Public Health Nutrition, 18(12), 2135-45. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980014002717
Laska MN, et al. How We Eat what We Eat: Identifying Meal Routines and Practices Most Strongly Associated With Healthy and Unhealthy Dietary Factors Among Young Adults. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(12):2135-45. PubMed PMID: 25439511.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - How we eat what we eat: identifying meal routines and practices most strongly associated with healthy and unhealthy dietary factors among young adults. AU - Laska,Melissa N, AU - Hearst,Mary O, AU - Lust,Katherine, AU - Lytle,Leslie A, AU - Story,Mary, Y1 - 2014/12/02/ PY - 2014/12/3/entrez PY - 2014/12/3/pubmed PY - 2016/5/5/medline KW - Dietary intake KW - Meal practices KW - Young adult SP - 2135 EP - 45 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 18 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: (i) To examine associations between young adults' meal routines and practices (e.g. food preparation, meal skipping, eating on the run) and key dietary indicators (fruit/vegetable, fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage intakes) and (ii) to develop indices of protective and risky meal practices most strongly associated with diet. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area, Minnesota (USA). SUBJECTS: A diverse sample of community college and public university students (n 1013). RESULTS: Meal routines and practices most strongly associated with healthy dietary patterns were related to home food preparation (i.e. preparing meals at home, preparing meals with vegetables) and meal regularity (i.e. routine consumption of evening meals and breakfast). In contrast, factors most strongly associated with poor dietary patterns included eating on the run, using media while eating and purchasing foods/beverages on campus. A Protective Factors Index, summing selected protective meal routines and practices, was positively associated with fruit/vegetable consumption and negatively associated with fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (P<0·001). A Risky Factors Index yielded significant, positive associations with fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (P<0·001). The probability test for the association between the Risky Factors Index and fruit/vegetable intake was P=0·05. CONCLUSIONS: Meal routines and practices were significantly associated with young adults' dietary patterns, suggesting that ways in which individuals structure mealtimes and contextual characteristics of eating likely influence food choice. Thus, in addition to considering specific food choices, it also may be important to consider the context of mealtimes in developing dietary messaging and guidelines. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25439511/How_we_eat_what_we_eat:_identifying_meal_routines_and_practices_most_strongly_associated_with_healthy_and_unhealthy_dietary_factors_among_young_adults_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980014002717/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -