A retrospective comparison of early results of conversion of failed gastric banding to sleeve gastrectomy or gastric bypass.Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2015 Mar-Apr; 11(2):379-84.SO
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is associated with high long-term failure rates requiring conversion to alternative procedures. Operative conversion to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric (LRYGB) bypass is associated with higher complication rates than primary procedures.
To compare results for converting failed LAGB to LSG versus LRYGB.
University Hospital, United Kingdom, National Health Service.
All patients undergoing conversion of LAGB to LRYGB and LSG from July 2006 to September 2012 were included. A retrospective analysis of our prospectively maintained database was performed to identify differences in death rates, complication rates, length of hospital stay, and weight loss. Within this study LRYGB was the preferred choice for conversion and LSG was only considered in the presence of significant intraabdominal adhesions, because of patient choice, or in patients with contraindications to LRYGB.
Eighty-nine patients with failed LAGB underwent conversional surgery within this period. Of these, 64 patients underwent conversion to LRYGB and 25 underwent conversion to LSG. There was no statistical difference in percentage of excess weight loss at 1 or 2 years after conversional surgery to LSG or LRYGB. Conversion to LRYGB was carried out as a single procedure in 51/64 (80%) compared with 10/25 (40%) for conversion to LSG (P = .003). One postoperative complication occurred requiring reoperation after conversion to LRYGB.
There was no difference in complication rates, hospital stay, and early weight loss when converting failed LAGB to LRYGB or LSG. Both procedures are appropriate for conversion from LAGB, although a staged approach is often needed, especially for LSG.