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The first cataract surgeons in Anglo-America.
Surv Ophthalmol. 2015 Jan-Feb; 60(1):86-92.SO

Abstract

We tried to identify the earliest cataract surgeons in the English-speaking areas of America. In 1751, couching was performed on the Caribbean island of Montserrat by John Morphy. William Stork of England, who couched cataracts, practiced in Jamaica in 1760 and then in cities from Annapolis to Boston between 1761 and 1764. Frederick William Jericho of Germany, upon completion of his training at Utrecht, published his 1767 treatise on his preferred surgical technique of extracapsular cataract extraction. Jericho had practiced in the Leeward Islands by 1776 and then in cities from Charleston to Boston between 1783 and 1785. The French surgeon Lewis Leprilete was the first to advertise cataract extraction in the United States in 1782 and probably passed on the skill to his protégé, Nathaniel Miller of Massachusetts. Leprilete was also the first to publicize Benjamin Franklin's invention of bifocals. These pioneers exposed American doctors and the public to cataract surgery. Shortly after their arrival, evidence emerges of other surgeons performing these procedures in America.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA. Electronic address: chrislefflermd@gmail.com.Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Naples, FL.Department of Ophthalmology, Poznan City Hospital, Poznan, Poland; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland.Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25444521

Citation

Leffler, Christopher T., et al. "The First Cataract Surgeons in Anglo-America." Survey of Ophthalmology, vol. 60, no. 1, 2015, pp. 86-92.
Leffler CT, Schwartz SG, Grzybowski A, et al. The first cataract surgeons in Anglo-America. Surv Ophthalmol. 2015;60(1):86-92.
Leffler, C. T., Schwartz, S. G., Grzybowski, A., & Braich, P. S. (2015). The first cataract surgeons in Anglo-America. Survey of Ophthalmology, 60(1), 86-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.survophthal.2014.08.002
Leffler CT, et al. The First Cataract Surgeons in Anglo-America. Surv Ophthalmol. 2015 Jan-Feb;60(1):86-92. PubMed PMID: 25444521.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The first cataract surgeons in Anglo-America. AU - Leffler,Christopher T, AU - Schwartz,Stephen G, AU - Grzybowski,Andrzej, AU - Braich,Puneet S, Y1 - 2014/08/20/ PY - 2014/06/03/received PY - 2014/08/06/revised PY - 2014/08/12/accepted PY - 2014/12/3/entrez PY - 2014/12/3/pubmed PY - 2015/5/30/medline KW - cataract extraction KW - cataract surgery KW - couching SP - 86 EP - 92 JF - Survey of ophthalmology JO - Surv Ophthalmol VL - 60 IS - 1 N2 - We tried to identify the earliest cataract surgeons in the English-speaking areas of America. In 1751, couching was performed on the Caribbean island of Montserrat by John Morphy. William Stork of England, who couched cataracts, practiced in Jamaica in 1760 and then in cities from Annapolis to Boston between 1761 and 1764. Frederick William Jericho of Germany, upon completion of his training at Utrecht, published his 1767 treatise on his preferred surgical technique of extracapsular cataract extraction. Jericho had practiced in the Leeward Islands by 1776 and then in cities from Charleston to Boston between 1783 and 1785. The French surgeon Lewis Leprilete was the first to advertise cataract extraction in the United States in 1782 and probably passed on the skill to his protégé, Nathaniel Miller of Massachusetts. Leprilete was also the first to publicize Benjamin Franklin's invention of bifocals. These pioneers exposed American doctors and the public to cataract surgery. Shortly after their arrival, evidence emerges of other surgeons performing these procedures in America. SN - 1879-3304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25444521/The_first_cataract_surgeons_in_Anglo_America_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -