Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Using multiple methods to examine gender differences in alcohol involvement and marital interactions in alcoholic probands.
Addict Behav. 2015 Feb; 41:192-8.AB

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study examined gender differences in alcohol involvement and marital interactions among probands with a past 1-year alcohol use disorder (AUD).

METHODS

Adults with alcohol dependence (37 males and 17 females) and their spouses were recruited from a local substance abuse treatment center and from the local community. Couples completed a series of self-report measures and a 15-min videotaped marital interaction task that was coded for negative and positive behaviors and sequential interactions. Couples also separately called in to an interactive voice response (IVR) system every night for 14 consecutive nights and reported on their spouse's negative and positive marital behaviors.

RESULTS

Compared to male probands, female probands reported a) more negative marital interactions in the previous month; b) higher levels of negative reciprocity and a lower positive-to-negative ratio in the marital interaction task; and c) more daily and nightly marital conflict over the 14-day diary period. Negative marital behaviors in the evening by female spouses were associated with higher odds of intoxication among male probands on the following day. In contrast, a) negative marital behaviors by male spouses were cross-sectionally associated with higher odds of intoxication among female probands within the same day; and b) positive marital behaviors by male spouses during the day were associated with lower odds of intoxication among female probands that night.

CONCLUSIONS

Marital conflict, assessed via multiple methods over multiple time scales, appears to be more frequent among female compared to male alcoholics. Marital conflict predicts daily intoxication among male and female probands.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Rachel Upjohn Building, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2700, United States. Electronic address: jcranfor@med.umich.edu.University of Connecticut, Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, MC 6325, Farmington, CT 06030-6325, United States.Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Rachel Upjohn Building, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2700, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25452065

Citation

Cranford, James A., et al. "Using Multiple Methods to Examine Gender Differences in Alcohol Involvement and Marital Interactions in Alcoholic Probands." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 41, 2015, pp. 192-8.
Cranford JA, Tennen H, Zucker RA. Using multiple methods to examine gender differences in alcohol involvement and marital interactions in alcoholic probands. Addict Behav. 2015;41:192-8.
Cranford, J. A., Tennen, H., & Zucker, R. A. (2015). Using multiple methods to examine gender differences in alcohol involvement and marital interactions in alcoholic probands. Addictive Behaviors, 41, 192-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.10.009
Cranford JA, Tennen H, Zucker RA. Using Multiple Methods to Examine Gender Differences in Alcohol Involvement and Marital Interactions in Alcoholic Probands. Addict Behav. 2015;41:192-8. PubMed PMID: 25452065.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Using multiple methods to examine gender differences in alcohol involvement and marital interactions in alcoholic probands. AU - Cranford,James A, AU - Tennen,Howard, AU - Zucker,Robert A, Y1 - 2014/10/30/ PY - 2014/07/12/received PY - 2014/10/10/revised PY - 2014/10/13/accepted PY - 2014/12/3/entrez PY - 2014/12/3/pubmed PY - 2015/9/9/medline KW - Alcohol and marital interaction KW - Behavioral observation and daily diaries KW - Multi-method assessment of alcoholic couples SP - 192 EP - 8 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 41 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study examined gender differences in alcohol involvement and marital interactions among probands with a past 1-year alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: Adults with alcohol dependence (37 males and 17 females) and their spouses were recruited from a local substance abuse treatment center and from the local community. Couples completed a series of self-report measures and a 15-min videotaped marital interaction task that was coded for negative and positive behaviors and sequential interactions. Couples also separately called in to an interactive voice response (IVR) system every night for 14 consecutive nights and reported on their spouse's negative and positive marital behaviors. RESULTS: Compared to male probands, female probands reported a) more negative marital interactions in the previous month; b) higher levels of negative reciprocity and a lower positive-to-negative ratio in the marital interaction task; and c) more daily and nightly marital conflict over the 14-day diary period. Negative marital behaviors in the evening by female spouses were associated with higher odds of intoxication among male probands on the following day. In contrast, a) negative marital behaviors by male spouses were cross-sectionally associated with higher odds of intoxication among female probands within the same day; and b) positive marital behaviors by male spouses during the day were associated with lower odds of intoxication among female probands that night. CONCLUSIONS: Marital conflict, assessed via multiple methods over multiple time scales, appears to be more frequent among female compared to male alcoholics. Marital conflict predicts daily intoxication among male and female probands. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25452065/Using_multiple_methods_to_examine_gender_differences_in_alcohol_involvement_and_marital_interactions_in_alcoholic_probands_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(14)00341-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -