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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): prevention in travelers.
Travel Med Infect Dis. 2014 Nov-Dec; 12(6 Pt A):602-8.TM

Abstract

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), a novel coronavirus that causes a severe lower respiratory tract infection in humans, emerged in the Middle East in 2012. Since then, MERS-CoV has caused an ongoing epidemic in the Arabian Peninsula with sporadic cases imported in Europe, North Africa, Southeast Asia, and the United States of America. As of 28th May 2014, 636 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV have been reported to World Health Organization including 14 cases imported by travelers. The epicenter of the current MERS-CoV epidemic is located in Saudi Arabia, where millions of pilgrims travel for two mass gatherings annually. In this review we summarize MERS-CoV cases in relation to travel with focus on the epidemiology and prevention in travelers. It is important to increase awareness of travelers about the risks and appropriate preventive measures and for health professionals to be on alert if a patient with severe respiratory symptoms reports a recent history of travel to the region affected with MERS-CoV. Measures should be taken by local health authorities of the affected countries in order to improve hospital hygiene. Finally, it is crucial to investigate the reasons for travelers' poor compliance with rules and recommendations issued by Saudi officials and to take appropriate measures in order to improve them.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Travel Medicine Office, Athens, Greece.Hellenic Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Athens, Greece; University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece.Department for Interventions in Health Care Facilities, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: helen-maltezou@ath.forthnet.gr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25457301

Citation

Pavli, Androula, et al. "Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV): Prevention in Travelers." Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, vol. 12, no. 6 Pt A, 2014, pp. 602-8.
Pavli A, Tsiodras S, Maltezou HC. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): prevention in travelers. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2014;12(6 Pt A):602-8.
Pavli, A., Tsiodras, S., & Maltezou, H. C. (2014). Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): prevention in travelers. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 12(6 Pt A), 602-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2014.10.006
Pavli A, Tsiodras S, Maltezou HC. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV): Prevention in Travelers. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2014 Nov-Dec;12(6 Pt A):602-8. PubMed PMID: 25457301.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): prevention in travelers. AU - Pavli,Androula, AU - Tsiodras,Sotirios, AU - Maltezou,Helena C, Y1 - 2014/10/19/ PY - 2014/06/05/received PY - 2014/10/06/revised PY - 2014/10/09/accepted PY - 2014/12/3/entrez PY - 2014/12/3/pubmed PY - 2015/8/4/medline KW - Imported cases KW - MERS-CoV KW - Prevention KW - Travelers SP - 602 EP - 8 JF - Travel medicine and infectious disease JO - Travel Med Infect Dis VL - 12 IS - 6 Pt A N2 - Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), a novel coronavirus that causes a severe lower respiratory tract infection in humans, emerged in the Middle East in 2012. Since then, MERS-CoV has caused an ongoing epidemic in the Arabian Peninsula with sporadic cases imported in Europe, North Africa, Southeast Asia, and the United States of America. As of 28th May 2014, 636 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV have been reported to World Health Organization including 14 cases imported by travelers. The epicenter of the current MERS-CoV epidemic is located in Saudi Arabia, where millions of pilgrims travel for two mass gatherings annually. In this review we summarize MERS-CoV cases in relation to travel with focus on the epidemiology and prevention in travelers. It is important to increase awareness of travelers about the risks and appropriate preventive measures and for health professionals to be on alert if a patient with severe respiratory symptoms reports a recent history of travel to the region affected with MERS-CoV. Measures should be taken by local health authorities of the affected countries in order to improve hospital hygiene. Finally, it is crucial to investigate the reasons for travelers' poor compliance with rules and recommendations issued by Saudi officials and to take appropriate measures in order to improve them. SN - 1873-0442 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25457301/Middle_East_respiratory_syndrome_coronavirus__MERS_CoV_:_prevention_in_travelers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1477-8939(14)00197-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -