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Nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity parameters in breakfast patterns compared with no breakfast in adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008.
J Acad Nutr Diet 2014; 114(12 Suppl):S27-43JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The effect of different breakfast consumption patterns on nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity status is unknown.

OBJECTIVE

To compare nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity measures of consumers assigned to different breakfast patterns with breakfast skippers.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS

These associations were assessed in adults 19+ years (N=18,988) participating in the 2001-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Intake was determined from 1-day 24-hour dietary recall. Diet quality was quantified using the Healthy Eating Index-2005. Body mass index (calculated as kg/m(2)) and waist circumferences were determined. Twelve patterns (including No Breakfast [approximately 19% of population]), explaining 58% of the variance in energy from the breakfast meal, were examined. Covariate adjusted general linear models were used to compare nutrient intakes, Healthy Eating Index-2005 scores, and body mass index/waist circumference of consumers of different patterns with breakfast skippers. The P value was Bonferroni corrected (<0.05/12 breakfast patterns <0.0042).

RESULTS

Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice and Presweetened Ready-to-Eat Cereal (RTEC)/Lower-Fat Milk patterns had lower daily intakes of nutrients to limit (added sugars, saturated fatty acids, solid fats, cholesterol, and sodium) than breakfast skippers. Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice; Presweetened RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk; and RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit/100% Fruit Juice patterns had higher daily intakes of all shortfall nutrients examined (dietary fiber; vitamins A, D, and C; calcium, potassium, folate, iron, and magnesium) than breakfast skippers. Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice; Grain; Presweetened RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk; RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit/100% Fruit Juice; Cooked Cereal; Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit; and Whole Fruit patterns had higher Healthy Eating Index-2005 scores than breakfast skippers. Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice; Presweetened RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk; RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit/100% Fruit Juice; and Cooked Cereal patterns had lower body mass indexes and waist circumferences than breakfast skippers.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest dietary and weight advantages of consuming breakfast, especially ones that include grains, cereals, lower-fat milk, and whole fruit/100% fruit juice, in contrast to the potential adverse effects of skipping breakfast.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25458992

Citation

O'Neil, Carol E., et al. "Nutrient Intake, Diet Quality, and Weight/adiposity Parameters in Breakfast Patterns Compared With No Breakfast in Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 114, no. 12 Suppl, 2014, pp. S27-43.
O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, Fulgoni VL. Nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity parameters in breakfast patterns compared with no breakfast in adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014;114(12 Suppl):S27-43.
O'Neil, C. E., Nicklas, T. A., & Fulgoni, V. L. (2014). Nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity parameters in breakfast patterns compared with no breakfast in adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 114(12 Suppl), pp. S27-43. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2014.08.021.
O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, Fulgoni VL. Nutrient Intake, Diet Quality, and Weight/adiposity Parameters in Breakfast Patterns Compared With No Breakfast in Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014;114(12 Suppl):S27-43. PubMed PMID: 25458992.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity parameters in breakfast patterns compared with no breakfast in adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008. AU - O'Neil,Carol E, AU - Nicklas,Theresa A, AU - Fulgoni,Victor L,3rd Y1 - 2014/11/24/ PY - 2014/02/12/received PY - 2014/08/19/accepted PY - 2014/12/3/entrez PY - 2014/12/3/pubmed PY - 2015/1/30/medline KW - Adults KW - Breakfast KW - Breakfast patterns KW - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) KW - Nutrient intake SP - S27 EP - 43 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 114 IS - 12 Suppl N2 - BACKGROUND: The effect of different breakfast consumption patterns on nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity status is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity measures of consumers assigned to different breakfast patterns with breakfast skippers. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: These associations were assessed in adults 19+ years (N=18,988) participating in the 2001-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Intake was determined from 1-day 24-hour dietary recall. Diet quality was quantified using the Healthy Eating Index-2005. Body mass index (calculated as kg/m(2)) and waist circumferences were determined. Twelve patterns (including No Breakfast [approximately 19% of population]), explaining 58% of the variance in energy from the breakfast meal, were examined. Covariate adjusted general linear models were used to compare nutrient intakes, Healthy Eating Index-2005 scores, and body mass index/waist circumference of consumers of different patterns with breakfast skippers. The P value was Bonferroni corrected (<0.05/12 breakfast patterns <0.0042). RESULTS: Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice and Presweetened Ready-to-Eat Cereal (RTEC)/Lower-Fat Milk patterns had lower daily intakes of nutrients to limit (added sugars, saturated fatty acids, solid fats, cholesterol, and sodium) than breakfast skippers. Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice; Presweetened RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk; and RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit/100% Fruit Juice patterns had higher daily intakes of all shortfall nutrients examined (dietary fiber; vitamins A, D, and C; calcium, potassium, folate, iron, and magnesium) than breakfast skippers. Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice; Grain; Presweetened RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk; RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit/100% Fruit Juice; Cooked Cereal; Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit; and Whole Fruit patterns had higher Healthy Eating Index-2005 scores than breakfast skippers. Consumers of the Grain/100% Fruit Juice; Presweetened RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk; RTEC/Lower-Fat Milk/Whole Fruit/100% Fruit Juice; and Cooked Cereal patterns had lower body mass indexes and waist circumferences than breakfast skippers. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest dietary and weight advantages of consuming breakfast, especially ones that include grains, cereals, lower-fat milk, and whole fruit/100% fruit juice, in contrast to the potential adverse effects of skipping breakfast. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25458992/Nutrient_intake_diet_quality_and_weight/adiposity_parameters_in_breakfast_patterns_compared_with_no_breakfast_in_adults:_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2001_2008_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(14)01354-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -