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Comparative prevalence of otitis media in children living in urban slums, non-slum urban and rural areas of Delhi.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Dec; 78(12):2271-4.IJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

The study aimed to determine the prevalence and profile of otitis media in different parts of a city, i.e. non-slum urban areas, urban slums and rural areas.

METHODOLOGY

A door to door survey was conducted in identified areas of Delhi. A total of 3000 children (0-15 years) were randomly selected and examined for presence of otitis media. These children were equally distributed in the three areas under consideration. Data was analyzed to establish the prevalence of different types of otitis media. Chi-square test was then applied to compare disease prevalence among the three areas.

RESULTS

7.1% of the study population was identified with otitis media, which includes CSOM (4.26%), OME (2.5%) and ASOM (0.4%). In the non-slum urban parts of the city, 4.6% children had otitis media. This was significantly lower compared to 7% children in rural parts of Delhi and 9.9% in urban slums of the city. The prevalence of CSOM was considerably higher in slum areas (7.2%) as compared with rural (3%) and non-slum urban areas (2.6%).

CONCLUSION

Ear infections are significantly more common in urban slums as compared to non-slum city areas and rural parts of Delhi.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Delhi 110002, India. Electronic address: shellychadha@gmail.com.Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Delhi 110002, India. Electronic address: gulati.kriti@gmail.com.Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Delhi 110002, India. Electronic address: gargsuneela@gmail.com.Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Delhi 110002, India. Electronic address: arunmamc@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25465454

Citation

Chadha, Shelly K., et al. "Comparative Prevalence of Otitis Media in Children Living in Urban Slums, Non-slum Urban and Rural Areas of Delhi." International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 78, no. 12, 2014, pp. 2271-4.
Chadha SK, Gulati K, Garg S, et al. Comparative prevalence of otitis media in children living in urban slums, non-slum urban and rural areas of Delhi. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014;78(12):2271-4.
Chadha, S. K., Gulati, K., Garg, S., & Agarwal, A. K. (2014). Comparative prevalence of otitis media in children living in urban slums, non-slum urban and rural areas of Delhi. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 78(12), 2271-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2014.10.032
Chadha SK, et al. Comparative Prevalence of Otitis Media in Children Living in Urban Slums, Non-slum Urban and Rural Areas of Delhi. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014;78(12):2271-4. PubMed PMID: 25465454.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative prevalence of otitis media in children living in urban slums, non-slum urban and rural areas of Delhi. AU - Chadha,Shelly K, AU - Gulati,Kriti, AU - Garg,Suneela, AU - Agarwal,Arun K, Y1 - 2014/10/31/ PY - 2014/03/23/received PY - 2014/10/19/revised PY - 2014/10/21/accepted PY - 2014/12/4/entrez PY - 2014/12/4/pubmed PY - 2016/1/7/medline KW - Acute suppurative otitis media KW - Chronic suppurative otitis media KW - Otitis media with effusion KW - Rural KW - Urban slums SP - 2271 EP - 4 JF - International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology JO - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol VL - 78 IS - 12 N2 - PURPOSE: The study aimed to determine the prevalence and profile of otitis media in different parts of a city, i.e. non-slum urban areas, urban slums and rural areas. METHODOLOGY: A door to door survey was conducted in identified areas of Delhi. A total of 3000 children (0-15 years) were randomly selected and examined for presence of otitis media. These children were equally distributed in the three areas under consideration. Data was analyzed to establish the prevalence of different types of otitis media. Chi-square test was then applied to compare disease prevalence among the three areas. RESULTS: 7.1% of the study population was identified with otitis media, which includes CSOM (4.26%), OME (2.5%) and ASOM (0.4%). In the non-slum urban parts of the city, 4.6% children had otitis media. This was significantly lower compared to 7% children in rural parts of Delhi and 9.9% in urban slums of the city. The prevalence of CSOM was considerably higher in slum areas (7.2%) as compared with rural (3%) and non-slum urban areas (2.6%). CONCLUSION: Ear infections are significantly more common in urban slums as compared to non-slum city areas and rural parts of Delhi. SN - 1872-8464 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25465454/Comparative_prevalence_of_otitis_media_in_children_living_in_urban_slums_non_slum_urban_and_rural_areas_of_Delhi_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-5876(14)00587-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -