Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Adult asthmatics increase the risk of acute coronary syndrome: A nationwide population-based cohort study.
Eur J Intern Med. 2014 Dec; 25(10):941-5.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Few studies have examined the risk of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in asthmatics. We investigate the effects of asthma on the risk of ACS development in an Asian population.

METHODS

Asthma patients aged ≥ 18 years were identified, and asthma-free controls were randomly selected from the general population and frequency-matched according to age, sex, index year, and baseline comorbidity by using the National Health Insurance Research Database. Both cohorts were followed up until the end of 2011 to measure the incidence of ACS. The risk of ACS was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards regression models.

RESULTS

We observed the asthmatic patients for 97,506 person-years and followed the nonasthmatic people for 193,423 person-years. The incidence density rate of ACS increased in all groups of the asthmatic patients compared with those of the controls when the data were stratified according to sex, age, and comorbidities. The hazard ratio (HR) of ACS was 1.66-fold greater in the asthmatic cohort than in the nonasthmatic cohort, after adjusting for sex, age, and comorbidities (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-2.11). The adjusted HR of developing ACS increased substantially as age and the frequency of asthmatic exacerbation and hospitalization increased.

CONCLUSIONS

Asthma is an independent risk factor of ACS, and poor control of asthma increases the risk of ACS development in a dose-dependent manner.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Health Services Administration, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Respiratory and Critical Care, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.Management Office for Health Data, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Respiratory and Critical Care, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address: d10040@mail.cmuh.org.tw.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25468246

Citation

Chung, Wei-Sheng, et al. "Adult Asthmatics Increase the Risk of Acute Coronary Syndrome: a Nationwide Population-based Cohort Study." European Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 25, no. 10, 2014, pp. 941-5.
Chung WS, Shen TC, Lin CL, et al. Adult asthmatics increase the risk of acute coronary syndrome: A nationwide population-based cohort study. Eur J Intern Med. 2014;25(10):941-5.
Chung, W. S., Shen, T. C., Lin, C. L., Chu, Y. H., Hsu, W. H., & Kao, C. H. (2014). Adult asthmatics increase the risk of acute coronary syndrome: A nationwide population-based cohort study. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 25(10), 941-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2014.10.023
Chung WS, et al. Adult Asthmatics Increase the Risk of Acute Coronary Syndrome: a Nationwide Population-based Cohort Study. Eur J Intern Med. 2014;25(10):941-5. PubMed PMID: 25468246.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adult asthmatics increase the risk of acute coronary syndrome: A nationwide population-based cohort study. AU - Chung,Wei-Sheng, AU - Shen,Te-Chun, AU - Lin,Cheng-Li, AU - Chu,Yung-Hua, AU - Hsu,Wu-Huei, AU - Kao,Chia-Hung, Y1 - 2014/11/01/ PY - 2014/08/15/received PY - 2014/10/22/revised PY - 2014/10/28/accepted PY - 2014/12/4/entrez PY - 2014/12/4/pubmed PY - 2015/8/19/medline KW - Acute coronary syndrome KW - Adult asthma KW - Beta-2 agonists KW - Population-based cohort study SP - 941 EP - 5 JF - European journal of internal medicine JO - Eur. J. Intern. Med. VL - 25 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the risk of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in asthmatics. We investigate the effects of asthma on the risk of ACS development in an Asian population. METHODS: Asthma patients aged ≥ 18 years were identified, and asthma-free controls were randomly selected from the general population and frequency-matched according to age, sex, index year, and baseline comorbidity by using the National Health Insurance Research Database. Both cohorts were followed up until the end of 2011 to measure the incidence of ACS. The risk of ACS was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: We observed the asthmatic patients for 97,506 person-years and followed the nonasthmatic people for 193,423 person-years. The incidence density rate of ACS increased in all groups of the asthmatic patients compared with those of the controls when the data were stratified according to sex, age, and comorbidities. The hazard ratio (HR) of ACS was 1.66-fold greater in the asthmatic cohort than in the nonasthmatic cohort, after adjusting for sex, age, and comorbidities (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-2.11). The adjusted HR of developing ACS increased substantially as age and the frequency of asthmatic exacerbation and hospitalization increased. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma is an independent risk factor of ACS, and poor control of asthma increases the risk of ACS development in a dose-dependent manner. SN - 1879-0828 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25468246/Adult_asthmatics_increase_the_risk_of_acute_coronary_syndrome:_A_nationwide_population_based_cohort_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0953-6205(14)00324-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -